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Dextran from Leuconostoc mesenteroides

average mol wt 1,500,000-2,800,000

Linear Formula:
CAS Number:
EC Number:
MDL number:

Quality Level

biological source

bacterial (Leuconostoc mesenteroides)



optical activity

[α]/D 199°

mol wt

average mol wt 1,500,000-2,800,000

storage temp.


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Dextrans are used in many applications as platelet aggregants, plasma volume extenders, osmotic pressure regulators, stabilizers, organ separation media, matrix components, copolymers, microcarriers, binding agents, viscosity modifiers, antithrombotics, lubricants and physical structure components. They may be used as long hydrophilic spacer arms to improve the performance (freedom of movement) of conjugated/bound proteins. Dextrans may be derivatized for use in biosensor systems.
Dextrans of less than 60,000Da are generally considered low molecular weight dextrans. Low molecular weight dextrans are often preferred versus high molecular weight dextrans due to their viscosities, aggregation and permeation properties. High molecular weight, water-soluble, dextran polymers have been used in a wide variety of biomedical applications. Dextran (1500-2800), a high molecular weight dextran, may be used to induce blood aggregation and as a high viscosity plasma expander (HVPE).
Use of dextrans as long and hydrophilic spacer arms improves the performance of immobilized proteins acting on macromolecules.

Preparation Note

With the exception of the highest MW dextran, D5501 (MW range = 5 million to 40 million), dextrans are very water soluble. Sigma tests the solubility of dextrans at concentrations generally exceeding 30 mg/ml in water. Dextrans are also freely soluble in DMSO, formamide, ethylene glycol, and glycerol. Neutral-aqueous dextran solutions can be sterilized by autoclaving at 110-115oC for 30 to 45 minutes. Dextran can be hydrolyzed by strong acids at high temperatures. The terminal reducing end group of dextran can be oxidized in alkaline solutions.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids



Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Yang Yang et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1840(1), 288-293 (2013-10-01)
Abnormal adhesion of red blood cells (RBCs) to vascular endothelium is often associated with reduced levels of sialic acids on RBC membranes and with elevated levels of pro-adhesive plasma proteins. However, the synergistic effects of these two factors on the
Zhiyang Li et al.
Journal of biomedical nanotechnology, 9(11), 1945-1949 (2013-09-26)
For reducing the steric hindrance and nonspecific binding of the target DNA, the dextran was used as molecular arms to be immobilized on the surface of magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs). Magnetic separation was used in preparation of dextran-MNPs (DMNPs). Aspartic acid
Marisa A Gallicchio et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1833(12), 2922-2932 (2013-06-12)
Chronic hyperglycaemia during diabetes leads to non-enzymatic glycation of proteins to form advanced glycation end products (AGEs) that contribute to nephropathy. We describe AGE uptake in LLC-PK1 and HK2 proximal tubule cell lines by macropinocytosis, a non-specific, endocytic mechanism. AGE-BSA
Boon M Teo et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1830(10), 4838-4847 (2013-07-03)
Liposomes have gained immerse attention in the field of drug delivery as carriers of therapeutic molecules. Their modification with a polymer either to make them stealth (e.g. using PEG) and/or more stable (e.g. using poly(dopamine) (PDA)) is a crucial aspect
M H Hemmelder et al.
The Journal of laboratory and clinical medicine, 132(5), 390-403 (1998-11-21)
Fractional dextran clearances have been extensively used to study glomerular size selectivity. We report on an analysis of different laboratory procedures involved in measuring fractional dextran clearances. The deproteinization of plasma samples by 20% trichloroacetic acid (TCA) revealed a protein



Dextran is a polymer of anhydroglucose. It is composed of approximately 95% alpha-D-(1-6) linkages. The remaining a(1-3) linkages account for the branching of dextran. Conflicting data on the branch lengths implies that the average branch length is less than three glucose units. However, other methods indicate branches of greater than 50 glucose units exist.

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