All Photos(2)

D4876

Sigma-Aldrich

Dextran from Leuconostoc mesenteroides

average mol wt 150,000

Linear Formula:
(C6H10O5)n
CAS Number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.25

Quality Level

biological source

bacterial (Leuconostoc mesenteroides)

form

powder

optical activity

[α]/D 199°

mol wt

average mol wt 150,000

solubility

H2O: soluble 30 mg/mL

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Application

Dextrans are used in many applications as platelet aggregants, plasma volume extenders, osmotic pressure regulators, stabilizers, organ separation media, matrix components, copolymers, microcarriers, binding agents, viscosity modifiers, antithrombotics, lubricants and physical structure components. Dextrans may be used as long hydrophilic spacer arms to improve the performance (freedom of movement) of conjugated/bound proteins. Dextrans may be derivatized for use in biosensor systems. Dextran 150 may be used to study iron delivery to cells, cell membrane permeabilization and red blood cell aggregation.
Use of dextrans as long and hydrophilic spacer arms improves the performance of immobilized proteins acting on macromolecules.

Packaging

50, 100 g in poly bottle
1 kg in poly drum
500 g in poly drum

Preparation Note

With the exception of the highest MW dextran, D5501 (MW range = 5 million to 40 million), dextrans are very water soluble. Sigma tests the solubility of dextrans at concentrations generally exceeding 30 mg/ml in water. Dextrans are also freely soluble in DMSO, formamide, ethylene glycol, and glycerol. Neutral-aqueous dextran solutions can be sterilized by autoclaving at 110-115oC for 30 to 45 minutes. Dextran can be hydrolyzed by strong acids at high temperatures. The terminal reducing end group of dextran can be oxidized in alkaline solutions.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Mengyun Lia et al.
Archives of animal nutrition, 65(6), 477-485 (2012-01-20)
Iron (Fe) is an essential and important trace element for animals. In order to study its metabolism and relationship with hepcidin, piglet models of Fe-deficiency and Fe-overload were established by intramuscular injection with different doses of Fe-dextran (150 mg Fe/ml)
Yang Yang et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1840(1), 288-293 (2013-10-01)
Abnormal adhesion of red blood cells (RBCs) to vascular endothelium is often associated with reduced levels of sialic acids on RBC membranes and with elevated levels of pro-adhesive plasma proteins. However, the synergistic effects of these two factors on the
Zhiyang Li et al.
Journal of biomedical nanotechnology, 9(11), 1945-1949 (2013-09-26)
For reducing the steric hindrance and nonspecific binding of the target DNA, the dextran was used as molecular arms to be immobilized on the surface of magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs). Magnetic separation was used in preparation of dextran-MNPs (DMNPs). Aspartic acid
Boon M Teo et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1830(10), 4838-4847 (2013-07-03)
Liposomes have gained immerse attention in the field of drug delivery as carriers of therapeutic molecules. Their modification with a polymer either to make them stealth (e.g. using PEG) and/or more stable (e.g. using poly(dopamine) (PDA)) is a crucial aspect
Marisa A Gallicchio et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1833(12), 2922-2932 (2013-06-12)
Chronic hyperglycaemia during diabetes leads to non-enzymatic glycation of proteins to form advanced glycation end products (AGEs) that contribute to nephropathy. We describe AGE uptake in LLC-PK1 and HK2 proximal tubule cell lines by macropinocytosis, a non-specific, endocytic mechanism. AGE-BSA

Protocols

Dextran

Dextran is a polymer of anhydroglucose. It is composed of approximately 95% alpha-D-(1-6) linkages. The remaining a(1-3) linkages account for the branching of dextran. Conflicting data on the branch lengths implies that the average branch length is less than three glucose units. However, other methods indicate branches of greater than 50 glucose units exist.

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