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K4000

Sigma-Aldrich

Kanamycin sulfate from Streptomyces kanamyceticus

Animal Component-free

Synonym(s):
Kanamycin sulfate salt, Kanamycin A
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C18H36N4O11 · H2O4S
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
582.58
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.76

Quality Level

biological source

Streptomyces kanamyceticus

form

powder

potency

≥750 μg per mg (dry basis)

impurities

≤5% Kanamycin B

color

white to off-white

solubility

H2O: 50 mg/mL, clear, colorless to faintly yellow

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-negative bacteria
Gram-positive bacteria
mycobacteria
mycoplasma

Mode of action

protein synthesis | interferes

SMILES string

OS(O)(=O)=O.NC[C@H]1O[C@H](O[C@@H]2[C@@H](N)C[C@@H](N)[C@H](O[C@H]3O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](N)[C@H]3O)[C@H]2O)[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@@H]1O

InChI

1S/C18H36N4O11.H2O4S/c19-2-6-10(25)12(27)13(28)18(30-6)33-16-5(21)1-4(20)15(14(16)29)32-17-11(26)8(22)9(24)7(3-23)31-17;1-5(2,3)4/h4-18,23-29H,1-3,19-22H2;(H2,1,2,3,4)/t4-,5+,6-,7-,8+,9-,10-,11-,12+,13-,14-,15+,16-,17-,18-;/m1./s1

InChI key

OOYGSFOGFJDDHP-KMCOLRRFSA-N

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General description

Chemical structure: aminoglycoside

Packaging

1, 5, 25, 50 g in poly bottle

Application

Kanamycin sulfate is a broad spectrum aminoglycoside-antibiotic derived from Streptomyces kanamyceticus. It is used as an additive in culture media for the isolation of group D streptococci on Kanamycin Esculin Azide Agar and for selection of transformed plant cells containing the neomycin phosphotransferase on a kanamycin-medium. Kanamycin sulfate can also be used as a selection agent for cells transformed with kanamycin B resistance gene. It is recommended for use in cell culture applications at 100 μg/mL.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Mode of Action: The product acts by binding to the 70S ribosomal subunit, inhibiting translocation and eliciting miscoding.

Mode of Resistance:Aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes (including acetyltransferase, phosphotransferase, nucleotidyltransferase) can alter this antibiotic, preventing its interaction with ribosomes.

Antimicrobial spectrum: Kanamycin sulfate is effective against gram-negative and gram-postiive bacteria, and mycoplasma.

Caution

Solutions are stable at 37°C for approximately 5 days. Aqueous stock solutions can be stored at 2-8°C for long term storage.

Preparation Note

Kanamycin sulfate is soluble in water at 50 mg/mL, yielding a clear solution. It is practically insoluble in alcohol, acetone, chloroform, ether and ethyl acetate. A 1% solution in water has a pH of 6.5 to 8.5. Sterile solutions can be prepared by a sterile filtration, through a .2μm filter.

Pictograms

Health hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Repr. 1B

Storage Class Code

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 2

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

More Documents

Quotes and Ordering

Chung-Chih Tseng et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 24(13) (2019-07-22)
The production of a bacteriocin-like substance with antimicrobial activity, named peocin, by the probiotic Paenibacillus ehimensis NPUST1 was previously reported by our laboratory. The present study aimed to identify peocin and increase the peocin yield by heterologous expression in Escherichia
J Yuyang Lu et al.
Cell reports, 30(10), 3296-3311 (2020-03-12)
Repetitive elements are abundantly distributed in mammalian genomes. Here, we reveal a striking association between repeat subtypes and gene function. SINE, L1, and low-complexity repeats demarcate distinct functional categories of genes and may dictate the time and level of gene
Benjamin Bardiaux et al.
Structure (London, England : 1993), 27(7), 1082-1093 (2019-05-06)
Bacterial type 4a pili are dynamic surface filaments that promote bacterial adherence, motility, and macromolecular transport. Their genes are highly conserved among enterobacteria and their expression in enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) promotes adhesion to intestinal epithelia and pro-inflammatory signaling. To
Marta Lukačišinová et al.
Nature communications, 11(1), 3105-3105 (2020-06-21)
Genetic perturbations that affect bacterial resistance to antibiotics have been characterized genome-wide, but how do such perturbations interact with subsequent evolutionary adaptation to the drug? Here, we show that strong epistasis between resistance mutations and systematically identified genes can be
Fabien J Fuche et al.
Human vaccines & immunotherapeutics, 15(6), 1427-1435 (2018-06-22)
Non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) are a leading cause of foodborne infections worldwide, and serogroups B, C1, C2-C3 and D are the most common serogroups associated with human disease. While live vaccine candidates that protect against S. Typhimurium (serogroup B) and S.

Protocols

Aminoglycoside Analysis in Pork Muscle using Molecularly Imprinted Polymer Cleanup and LC/MS/MS Detection

Extraction and quantitative analysis of aminoglycosides in porcine tissue, using molecular imprinted polymer solid phase extraction followed by LC-MS/MS.

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