All Photos(4)

K1377

Sigma-Aldrich

Kanamycin sulfate from Streptomyces kanamyceticus

powder, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture, suitable for plant cell culture

Synonym(s):
Kanamycin sulfate salt, Kanamycin A
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C18H36N4O11 · H2O4S
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
582.58
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.76

Quality Level

biological source

Streptomyces kanamyceticus

product line

BioReagent

form

powder

potency

≥750 μg per mg (dry basis)

application(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable
cell culture | plant: suitable

impurities

≤5% kanamycin B

color

white to off-white

solubility

H2O: 10-50 mg/mL (As a stock solution. Stock solutions should be stored at 2-8°C. Stable at 37°C for 5 days.)

Featured Industry

Agriculture

Mode of action

protein synthesis | interferes

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-negative bacteria
Gram-positive bacteria
mycobacteria
mycoplasma

SMILES string

OS(O)(=O)=O.NC[C@H]1O[C@H](O[C@@H]2[C@@H](N)C[C@@H](N)[C@H](O[C@H]3O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](N)[C@H]3O)[C@H]2O)[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@@H]1O

InChI

1S/C18H36N4O11.H2O4S/c19-2-6-10(25)12(27)13(28)18(30-6)33-16-5(21)1-4(20)15(14(16)29)32-17-11(26)8(22)9(24)7(3-23)31-17;1-5(2,3)4/h4-18,23-29H,1-3,19-22H2;(H2,1,2,3,4)/t4-,5+,6-,7-,8+,9-,10-,11-,12+,13-,14-,15+,16-,17-,18-;/m1./s1

InChI key

OOYGSFOGFJDDHP-KMCOLRRFSA-N

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General description

Kanamycin sulfate is a broad spectrum aminoglycoside-antibiotic derived from Streptomyces kanamyceticus. It is used as an additive in culture media for the isolation of group D streptococci on Kanamycin Esculin Azide Agar and for selection of transformed plant cells containing the neomycin phosphotransferase on a kanamycin-medium. Kanamycin sulfate can also be used as a selection agent for cells transformed with kanamycin B resistance gene. It is recommended for use in cell culture applications at 100μg/mL.
Chemical structure: aminoglycoside

Application

Kanamycin sulfate from Streptomyces kanamyceticus has been used in tissue culture media.

Packaging

1, 5, 25 g in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Mode of Action: The product acts by binding to the 70S ribosomal subunit, inhibiting translocation and eliciting miscoding.

Mode of Resistance:Aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes (including acetyltransferase, phosphotransferase, nucleotidyltransferase) can alter this antibiotic, preventing its interaction with ribosomes.

Antimicrobial spectrum: Kanamycin sulfate is effective against gram-negative and gram-postiive bacteria, and mycoplasma.

Caution

Solutions are stable at 37°C for approximately 5 days. Aqueous stock solutions can be stored at 2-8°C for long term storage.

Preparation Note

Kanamycin sulfate is soluble in water at 50 mg/mL, yielding a clear solution. It is practically insoluble in alcohol, acetone, chloroform, ether and ethyl acetate. A 1% solution in water has a pH of 6.5 to 8.5. Sterile solutions can be prepared by a sterile filtration, through a .2μm filter.

Pictograms

Health hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Hazard Classifications

Repr. 1B

Storage Class Code

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Moxalactam as a counter-selection antibiotic for Agrobacteriummediated
transformation and its positive effects on Theobroma cacao
somatic embryogenesis
Gabriela Antu'nez de Mayolo
Plant Science, 164, 607-615 (2003)
Riccardo Di Mambro et al.
Current biology : CB, 29(7), 1199-1205 (2019-03-19)
Plant developmental plasticity relies on the activities of meristems, regions where stem cells continuously produce new cells [1]. The lateral root cap (LRC) is the outermost tissue of the root meristem [1], and it is known to play an important...
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Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 58(8), 4866-4874 (2014-06-11)
Antimonials remain the first-line treatment for the various manifestations of leishmaniasis in most areas where the disease is endemic, and increasing cases of therapeutic failure associated with parasite resistance have been reported. In this study, we assessed the molecular status...
Atef Allam et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 193(2), 871-878 (2014-06-11)
The role of the TNF family member CD70 in adaptive T cell responses has been intensively studied, but its function in innate responses is still under investigation. In this study, we show that CD70 inhibits the early innate response to...
Ziyun Wu et al.
Cell metabolism, 29(5), 1192-1205 (2019-03-25)
Chronic inflammation predisposes to aging-associated disease, but it is unknown whether immunity regulation might be important for extending healthy lifespan. Here we show that in C. elegans, dietary restriction (DR) extends lifespan by modulating a conserved innate immunity pathway that is...

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