MilliporeSigma
All Photos(2)

A9518

Sigma-Aldrich

Ampicillin sodium salt

Synonym(s):
D-(−)-α-Aminobenzylpenicillin sodium salt
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C16H18N3NaO4S
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
371.39
Beilstein:
4119211
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.76

form

powder

Quality Level

color

white to slight yellow

mp

215 °C (dec.) (lit.)

solubility

H2O: 50 mg/mL

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-negative bacteria
Gram-positive bacteria

application(s)

agriculture

Mode of action

cell wall synthesis | interferes

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

[Na+].CC1(C)SC2[C@H](NC(=O)[C@H](N)c3ccccc3)C(=O)N2[C@H]1C([O-])=O

InChI

1S/C16H19N3O4S.Na/c1-16(2)11(15(22)23)19-13(21)10(14(19)24-16)18-12(20)9(17)8-6-4-3-5-7-8;/h3-7,9-11,14H,17H2,1-2H3,(H,18,20)(H,22,23);/q;+1/p-1/t9-,10-,11+,14-;/m1./s1

InChI key

KLOHDWPABZXLGI-YWUHCJSESA-M

Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

General description

Chemical structure: ß-lactam

Packaging

5, 25, 100 g in in glass bottle

Application

Used to select for ampicillin resistance in mutated and transformed cells.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Mode of Action: This is a ß-lactam antibiotic that inhibits bacterial cell-wall synthesis by inactivating transpeptidases on the inner surface of the bacterial cell membrane.

Mode of Resistance: Administration with ß-lactamase cleaves the ß-lactam ring of Ampicillin and inactivates it.

Antimicrobial Spectrum: Includes both gram-positive (similar to benzylpenicillin) and gram-negative bacteria (similar to tetracyclines and chloramphenicol.

Caution

This product has been reported stable as supplied at 25°C at 43% and 81% relative humidity for six weeks. Additional studies have shown that the stability of Ampicillin in solution is a function of pH, temperature and the identity of the buffer. It′s activity is quickly lost when stored above pH 7. Optimal storage conditions are suggested as 2-8°C, and pH 3.8-5 where its activity was retained at 90%+ for a week.

Preparation Note

Ampicillin is reported as slightly soluble in water, practically insoluble in alcohol, chloroform, ether and fixed oils but soluble in dilute acids or bases. The solution should not be autoclaved; a stock solution should be sterilized through filtration and stored frozen, where it will be stable for months.

Other Notes

Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Storage class (TRGS 510): Non Combustible Solids

Pictograms

Health hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Hazard Classifications

Resp. Sens. 1 - Skin Sens. 1

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service