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P7405

Sigma-Aldrich

Poly-D-lysine hydrobromide

mol wt >300,000, lyophilized powder, γ-irradiated, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture

Synonym(s):
PDL
Linear Formula:
D-Lys-(D-Lys)n-D-Lys · xHBr
CAS Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.75

Quality Level

sterility

γ-irradiated

product line

BioReagent
BioXtra

form

lyophilized powder

mol wt

>300,000

packaging

pkg of 5 mg

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

solubility

H2O: soluble 50 mg/mL, clear, colorless

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

O=C(C)[C@@](NC)([H])CCCCN.[Br]

InChI

1S/C6H14N2O2.BrH/c7-4-2-1-3-5(8)6(9)10;/h5H,1-4,7-8H2,(H,9,10);1H

InChI key

MEXAGTSTSPYCEP-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Application

Poly-D-lysine polymers can be used in preparing surfaces for cell attachment. The D-lysine polymers can also be used with cells that digest poly-L-lysine polymers and cause an excessive uptake of L-lysine.

This product is recommended as a cell culture substratum when using 0.5 - 1.0 mL of a 0.1 mg/mL solution to coat 25 cm2. Lower molecular weight versions of the product are less viscous, but high more molecular weight versions provide more attachment sites per molecule.

Biochem/physiol Actions

This product is a nonspecific attachment factor for cells useful in promoting cell adhesion to solid substrates by enhancing electrostatic interaction between negatively charged ions of the cell membrane and the culture surface. After absorption to the culture surface, poly-D-lysine increases the number of positively charged cell binding sites.

Components

Poly-D-lysine is a positively charged amino acid polymer with approximately one HBr per lysine residue. The hydrobromide allows the poly-D-lysine to be in a crystalline form soluble in water. A small amount of product may be found in the ß structure because the HBr interferes with hydrogen bonding between amino and either the carboxyl groups or N or O containing moieties.

Caution

Sterile solutions are stable for up to 2 years when stored at 2-8°C. It should be stored desiccated at -20°C.

Analysis Note

This product has a molecular weight >300,000 and is cell culture tested and gamma-irradiated. To remove the HBr, dissolve this product in a neutral buffer and dialyze to remove the salts. In general, to use this product as an attachment factor, add 50 mL of sterile tissue culture grade water to 5 mg of poly-lysine, and aseptically coat the surface with 1 mL per 25 cm2 of solution. After 5 minutes, remove the solution through aspiration and thoroughly rinse the surface. Let dry for two hours before introducing cells and medium.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

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Articles

Poly-lysine | Poly-D-Lysine | Poly-L-Lysine

Poly-Lysine enhances electrostatic interaction between negatively-charged ions of the cell membrane and positively-charged surface ions of attachment factors on the culture surface. When adsorbed to the culture surface, it increases the number of positively-charged sites available for cell binding.

Extracellular Matrix Proteins and Tools for Cell Culture Optimization

Extracellular matrix proteins such as laminin, collagen, and fibronectin can be used as cell attachment substrates in cell culture.

Protocols

Poly-L-Lysine Cell Attachment Protocol

Polyamino acids facilitate the attachment of cells and proteins to solid surfaces in biological applications. In cell cultures normal attachment, growth, and development of many cell types are dependent on attachment factors and extracellular matrix components.

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