M3148

Sigma-Aldrich

2-Mercaptoethanol

for molecular biology, suitable for electrophoresis, suitable for cell culture, BioReagent, 99% (GC/titration)

Synonym(s):
β-Mercaptoethanol, BME, Thioethylene glycol, 2-Hydroxyethylmercaptan
Linear Formula:
HSCH2CH2OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
78.13
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
773648
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.31

Quality Level

grade

for molecular biology

vapor density

2.69 (vs air)

vapor pressure

1 mmHg ( 20 °C)

product line

BioReagent

assay

99% (GC/titration)

form

liquid

expl. lim.

18 %

concentration

14.3 M (pure liquid)

application(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable
electrophoresis: suitable

refractive index

n20/D 1.500 (lit.)

pH

4.5-6 (20 °C, 500 g/L)

bp

157 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: soluble 1 mL/mL

density

1.114 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

foreign activity

DNase, RNase, protease, none detected

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

OCCS

InChI

1S/C2H6OS/c3-1-2-4/h3-4H,1-2H2

InChI key

DGVVWUTYPXICAM-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Application

Reducing agent
β-mercaptoethanol or 2-mercaptoethanol has been used:
  • as a supplement in Roswell Park Memorial Institute (RPMI)-1640 medium to culture DT40 cells (chicken B cell line)
  • to lyse NuLi-1 (Normal Lung, University of Iowa-1) cells
  • to trypsinize mouse embryonic stem cells
BME is suitable for reducing protein disulfide bonds prior to polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and is usually included in a sample buffer for SDS-PAGE at a concentration of 5%. Cleaving intermolecular (between subunits) disulfide bonds allows the subunits of a protein to separate independently on SDS-PAGE. Cleaving intramolecular (within subunit) disulfide bonds allows the subunits to become completely denatured so that each peptide migrates according to its chain length with no influence due to secondary structure.

Packaging

25, 100, 250, 500 mL in glass bottle

Signal Word

Danger

hazcat

Acute Tox. 2 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 2 - Eye Dam. 1 - Repr. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - Skin Sens. 1A - STOT RE 2 Oral

storage_class_code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

154.4 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

68 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Reduced Innate Immune Response to a Staphylococcus aureus Small Colony Variant Compared to Its Wild-Type Parent Strain
Judy J
Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology, 6, 187-187 (2016)
A subset of platinum-containing chemotherapeutic agents kills cells by inducing ribosome biogenesis stress
Peter M Bruno
Nature Medicine, 23 (2017)
Kotaro Fujii et al.
Nature communications, 8, 14443-14443 (2017-02-15)
The degree and dynamics of translational control during mammalian development remain poorly understood. Here we monitored translation of the mammalian genome as cells become specified and organize into tissues in vivo. This identified unexpected and pervasive translational regulation of most...
Yasunari Seita et al.
Biology of reproduction, 100(6), 1440-1452 (2019-03-15)
Nonhuman primates (NHPs) are considered to be the most valuable models for human transgenic (Tg) research into disease because human pathology is more closely recapitulated in NHPs than rodents. Previous studies have reported the generation of Tg NHPs that ubiquitously...
Manching Ku et al.
PLoS genetics, 4(10), e1000242-e1000242 (2008-11-01)
In embryonic stem (ES) cells, bivalent chromatin domains with overlapping repressive (H3 lysine 27 tri-methylation) and activating (H3 lysine 4 tri-methylation) histone modifications mark the promoters of more than 2,000 genes. To gain insight into the structure and function of...
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