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DUO92008

Sigma-Aldrich

Duolink® In Situ Detection Reagents Red

NACRES:
NA.32

Quality Level

product line

Duolink®

technique(s)

proximity ligation assay: suitable

fluorescence

λex 594 nm; λem 624 nm (Texas Red®, Zeiss Filter set 31)

suitability

suitable for fluorescence

shipped in

dry ice

storage temp.

−20°C

Application

Duolink®proximity ligation assay(PLA®) allows for endogenous detection of protein interactions, post translational modifications, and protein expression levels at the single molecule level in fixed cells and tissue samples.

Follow the Duolink® In Situ Fluorescence Protocol to use this product. A set of short instructionsis also available.

Visit our Duolink® PLA Resource Center for information on how to run a Duolink® experiment, applications, troubleshooting, and more.

To perform a complete Duolink® PLA in situ experiment you will need two primary antibodies (PLA, IHC, ICC or IF validated) that recognize two target epitopes. Other necessary reagents include a pair of PLA probes from different species (one PLUS and one MINUS), detection reagents, wash buffers, and mounting medium. Note that the primary antibodies must come from the same species as the Duolink® PLA probes. Analysis is carried out using standard immunofluorescence assay equipment.

Specificity
Red fluorescence detection reagents are often used with Texas Red® filter.

Application Note
Two primary antibodies raised in different species are needed. Test your primary antibodies (IgG-class, mono- or polyclonal) in a standard immunofluorescence (IF), immunohistochemistry (IHC) or immunocytochemistry (ICC) assay to determine the optimal fixation, blocking, and titer conditions. Duolink® in situ reagents are suitable for use on fixed cells, cytospin cells, cells grown on slide, formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded (FFPE), or tissue (fresh or frozen). No minimum number of cells is required.

Let us do the work for you, learn more about our Custom Service Program to accelerate your Duolink® projects

View full Duolink® product list

Features and Benefits

  • No overexpression or genetic manipulation required
  • High specificity (fewer false positives)
  • Single molecule sensitivity due to rolling circle amplification
  • Relative quantification possible
  • No special equipment needed
  • Quicker and simpler than FRET
  • Increased accuracy compared to co-IP
  • Publication-ready results

Components

This product is comprised of the following:
  • 5x Ligation - Contains oligonucleotides that hybridize to the PLA probes and all components needed for ligation except the Ligase
  • 1x Ligase (1 unit/μL)
  • 1x Polymerase (10 units/μL)
5x Amplification Red - Contains all components needed for Rolling Circle Amplification (RCA) except the Polymerase. It also contains oligonucleotide probes labeled with a fluorophore that hybridize to the RCA product.
See datasheet for more information.

Not included in Detection kit:

Primary antibodies, PLA probes, wash buffers, mounting medium

Legal Information

Duolink is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC
PLA is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC
Texas Red is a registered trademark of Life Technologies

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

H J Wright et al.
Oncogene, 35(36), 4762-4772 (2016-02-16)
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a highly aggressive and metastatic form of breast cancer that lacks the estrogen, progesterone and HER2 receptors and is resistant to targeted and hormone therapies. TNBCs express high levels of the transmembrane glycoprotein, complement C1r/C1s
Francesca Gabanella et al.
Journal of cell science, 129(4), 804-816 (2016-01-09)
Disconnection between membrane signalling and actin networks can have catastrophic effects depending on cell size and polarity. The survival motor neuron (SMN) protein is ubiquitously involved in assembly of spliceosomal small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particles. Other SMN functions could, however, affect
Takashi Miyamoto et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 291(4), 1719-1734 (2015-11-22)
Diverse lines of evidence suggest that amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides causally contribute to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease (AD), the most frequent neurodegenerative disorder. However, the mechanisms by which Aβ impairs neuronal functions remain to be fully elucidated. Previous studies showed
Hyun Jik Lee et al.
Cell death and differentiation, 26(9), 1716-1734 (2018-11-23)
Hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF1α) is a master regulator leading to metabolic adaptation, an essential physiological process to maintain the survival of stem cells under hypoxia. However, it is poorly understood how HIF1α translocates into the nucleus in stem cells
Birgitte B Olsen et al.
BMC molecular biology, 13, 7-7 (2012-03-13)
The DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) is a nuclear complex composed of a large catalytic subunit (DNA-PKcs) and a heterodimeric DNA-targeting subunit Ku. DNA-PK is a major component of the non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) repair mechanism, which is activated in the presence

Articles

Duolink® PLA Fluorescence Protocol

Protocol for immunofluorescent detection of proteins in cells and tissue

How to Optimize the Duolink® Proximity Ligation Assay

Things to consider for preparation, setup and execution of the Duolink® assay protocol

Duolink® PLA Troubleshooting Guide

Support information including tips and tricks, frequently asked questions, and basic troubleshooting.

Duolink® References

Find Duolink references based on the type of method used, post translational modification detected, and research focus.

Protocols

Duolink® In Situ Short Instructions - Fluorescence

This page details the Duolink® In Situ Short Protocol for fluorescence detection

Related Content

Duolink® PLA Applications

Applications to detect, quantify and visualize protein-protein interactions, post-translational modifications and low expression protein detection using proximity ligation assay

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

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