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≥99.0% (RT)

threo-1,4-Dimercapto-2,3-butanediol, DTT, Cleland’s reagent
Linear Formula:
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level


≥99.0% (RT)



reaction suitability

reagent type: reductant


≤0.3% 4,5-dihydroxy-1,2-dithiane


40-43 °C
41-44 °C (lit.)


H2O: 50 mg/mL, clear, colorless
H2O: freely soluble
acetone: freely soluble
chloroform: freely soluble
diethyl ether: freely soluble
ethanol: freely soluble
ethyl acetate: freely soluble

anion traces

sulfate (SO42-): ≤50 mg/kg

cation traces

Ca: ≤10 mg/kg
Cd: ≤5 mg/kg
Co: ≤5 mg/kg
Cr: ≤5 mg/kg
Cu: ≤5 mg/kg
Fe: ≤5 mg/kg
K: ≤50 mg/kg
Mg: ≤5 mg/kg
Mn: ≤5 mg/kg
Na: ≤250 mg/kg
Ni: ≤5 mg/kg
Pb: ≤5 mg/kg
Zn: ≤5 mg/kg

storage temp.


SMILES string




InChI key


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DL-Dithiothreitol is a pivotal component used in the preparation of buffer which in turn is utilized in the platelet cytosol preparation. It is also important in isolation of RNA by using guanidinium salts and homogenisation of tissue and cells.
An excellent reagent for maintaining SH groups in reduced state; quantitatively reduces disulfides. DTT is effective in sample buffers for reducing protein disulfide bonds prior to SDS-PAGE. DTT can also be used for reducing the disulfide bridge of the cross-linker N,N′-bis(acryloyl)cystamine to break apart the matrix of a polyacrylamide gel. DTT is less pungent and is less toxic than 2-mercaptoethanol. Typically, a seven fold lower concentration of DTT (100 mM) is needed than is used for 2-mercaptoethanol (5% v/v, 700 mM).

Biochem/physiol Actions

DL-Dithiothreitol denatures proteins by reducing the disulphide bonds and reducing them to SH groups. It also prevents intramolecular and intermolecular disulfide bond formation between cysteine residues of proteins.


CorrosionExclamation mark

Signal Word


Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids



Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

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More Documents

Quotes and Ordering

R G Knowles et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 86(13), 5159-5162 (1989-07-01)
A soluble enzyme obtained from rat forebrain catalyzes the NADPH-dependent formation of nitric oxide (NO) and citrulline from L-arginine. The NO formed stimulates the soluble guanylate cyclase and this stimulation is abolished by low concentrations of hemoglobin. The synthesis of
M W Radomski et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 87(13), 5193-5197 (1990-07-01)
Aggregation of human washed platelets with collagen is accompanied by a concentration-dependent increase in cyclic GMP but not cyclic AMP. NG-Monomethyl-L-arginine (L-MeArg), a selective inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis from L-arginine, reduces this increase and enhances aggregation. L-Arginine, which
John C Lukesh et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 134(9), 4057-4059 (2012-02-23)
Dithiothreitol (DTT) is the standard reagent for reducing disulfide bonds between and within biological molecules. At neutral pH, however, >99% of DTT thiol groups are protonated and thus unreactive. Herein, we report on (2S)-2-amino-1,4-dimercaptobutane (dithiobutylamine or DTBA), a dithiol that
M B Donati et al.
Cancer research, 46(12 Pt 1), 6471-6474 (1986-12-01)
It has repeatedly been proposed that fibrin plays a role in tumor growth and metastasis. Among tumor cell products or activities which may promote clot formation, cancer procoagulant (CP), a direct activator of coagulation factor X, has been suggested to
Pieter Goossens et al.
Cell metabolism, 29(6), 1376-1389 (2019-04-02)
Macrophages possess intrinsic tumoricidal activity, yet tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) rapidly adopt an alternative phenotype within the tumor microenvironment that is marked by tumor-promoting immunosuppressive and trophic functions. The mechanisms that promote such TAM polarization remain poorly understood, but once identified

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