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DTT-RO

Roche

DTT

crystalline powder, =97% (Ellman′s reagent), Mr 154.3

Synonym(s):
1,4-dithiothreitol, cleland′s reagent, dithiothreitol, 1,4-, threo-1,4-Dimercapto-2,3-butanediol, DTT, Cleland’s reagent, DL-Dithiothreitol
Linear Formula:
HSCH2CH(OH)CH(OH)CH2SH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
154.25
Beilstein:
1719757
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

description

1,4-Dithiothreitol

assay

=97% (Ellman′s reagent)

form

crystalline powder

mol wt

Mr 154.3

reaction suitability

reagent type: reductant

packaging

pkg of 10 g (10708984001)
pkg of 2 g (10197777001)
pkg of 25 g (11583786001)

manufacturer/tradename

Roche

mp

41-44 °C (lit.)

shipped in

wet ice

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

O[C@H](CS)[C@H](O)CS

InChI

1S/C4H10O2S2/c5-3(1-7)4(6)2-8/h3-8H,1-2H2/t3-,4-/m1/s1

InChI key

VHJLVAABSRFDPM-QWWZWVQMSA-N

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General description

1,4-dithiothreitol is commonly known as Cleland′s reagent. It confers protection to thiol groups and reduces disulfide bonds in peptides and proteins. It reduces disulfide bonds to sulfhydryl group and is commonly used in receptor studies, to determine the functional importance of disulfide bonds during receptor occupancy and functionality. It also maintains monothiols completely in the reduced state.

Application

1,4-dithiothreitol is used in:
  • Isolation, purification and characterization of proteins and enzymes
  • Measurement of enzyme activities (reactivation of enzymes)
  • Determination of disulfide groups in proteins and enzymes
  • DNA extraction prior to amplification
An excellent reagent for maintaining SH groups in reduced state; quantitatively reduces disulfides. DTT is effective in sample buffers for reducing protein disulfide bonds prior to SDS-PAGE. DTT can also be used for reducing the disulfide bridge of the cross-linker N,N′-bis(acryloyl)cystamine to break apart the matrix of a polyacrylamide gel. DTT is less pungent and is less toxic than 2-mercaptoethanol. Typically, a seven fold lower concentration of DTT (100 mM) is needed than is used for 2-mercaptoethanol (5% v/v, 700 mM).

Specifications

Oxidized form: <2.5% (absorbance at 283nm)

Sequence

Enantiomers
Our DTT-preparation is optically inactive, i.e. it is the D,L-DTT.

Preparation Note

Storage conditions (working solution): A solution of DTT in Hepes buffer, pH 7.75 is stable for one week at 2 to 8 °C if the container is tightly sealed and the solution is protected from atmospheric oxygen by argon or nitrogen.

Other Notes

For life science research only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.

Pictograms

CorrosionExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 2

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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Product Information Sheet

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