X100

Sigma-Aldrich

Triton X-100

laboratory grade

Synonym(s):
t-Octylphenoxypolyethoxyethanol, Polyethylene glycol tert-octylphenyl ether
Linear Formula:
t-Oct-C6H4-(OCH2CH2)xOH, x= 9-10
CAS Number:
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
2315025
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

laboratory grade

description

non-ionic

form

liquid

mol wt

micellar avg mol wt 80,000
average mol wt 625

aggregation number

100-155

CMC

0.2-0.9 mM (20-25°C)

transition temp

cloud point 65 °C
pour point ~7 °C

solubility

water: 0.1 mL/mL, clear to slightly hazy, colorless to faintly yellow

HLB

13.5

SMILES string

CC(C)(C)CC(C)(C)c1ccc(OCCOCCOCCOCCOCCOCCOCCO)cc1

InChI

1S/C28H50O8/c1-27(2,3)24-28(4,5)25-6-8-26(9-7-25)36-23-22-35-21-20-34-19-18-33-17-16-32-15-14-31-13-12-30-11-10-29/h6-9,29H,10-24H2,1-5H3

InChI key

HNLXNOZHXNSSPN-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Triton X-100 is a common non-ionic surfactant and emulsifier which is often used in biochemical applications to solubilize proteins. It is considered a comparatively mild detergent, non-denaturing, and is reported in numerous references as a routinely added reagent. It is utilized for lysing cells to extract protein and cellular organelles. It can also permeabilize the living cell membrane for transfection.
Triton X-100 has hemolytic property and is used for DNA extraction.

Application

Triton-X has been used:
  • In the permeabilization of cells for immunofluorescence staining
  • As a component of lysis buffer in western blot analysis
  • As a component of Tris-buffered saline for the preparation of cell sections in Immunogold labelling for electron microscope

Packaging

5 mL in glass bottle
1 gal in poly bottle
5 gal in poly drum
1 L in poly bottle
100, 500 mL in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Widely used non-ionic surfactant for recovery of membrane components under mild non-denaturing conditions.

Legal Information

Tri-Chek is a trademark of Micro Essential Laboratory, Inc.
Triton is a trademark of The Dow Chemical Company or an affiliated company of Dow

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

UN 3082 9 / PGIII

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

483.8 °F

Flash Point(C)

251 °C

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Growth and hydration of Triton X-100 micelles in monovalent alkali salts: a light scattering study
Molina-Bolivar JA, et al.
The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 106(4), 870-877 (2002)
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Yang W, et al.
Experimental Cell Research, 326(1), 22-35 (2003)
Masoumeh Zangeneh et al.
Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications, 103, 109739-109739 (2019-07-28)
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Bryan D Hudson et al.
PloS one, 10(11), e0142058-e0142058 (2015-11-07)
Inhibitors of Wnt signaling have been shown to be involved in prostate cancer (PC) metastasis; however the role of Sclerostin (Sost) has not yet been explored. Here we show that elevated Wnt signaling derived from Sost deficient osteoblasts promotes PC...
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Webb LJ, et al.
The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 278(27), 25009-25013 (2003)
Protocols
Enzymatic Assay of Cholesterol Oxidase
Read More
To determine the molecular weights of protein antigens, to study protein/protein interactions, to determine specific enzymatic activity, to monitor protein post-translational modifications and to determine the presence and quantity of proteins.
Read More
This page shows how to solubilize membrane proteins with products from GE Healthcare.
Read More

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