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P4394

Sigma-Aldrich

cis-Diammineplatinum(II) dichloride

crystalline

Synonym(s):
cis-Platinum(II) diammine dichloride, Cisplatin, cis-Dichlorodiammine platinum(II)
Linear Formula:
Pt(NH3)2Cl2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
300.05
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

form

crystalline

color

yellow

mp

270 °C (lit.)

antibiotic activity spectrum

neoplastics

Mode of action

DNA synthesis | interferes

originator

Corden

SMILES string

N.N.Cl[Pt]Cl

InChI

1S/2ClH.2H3N.Pt/h2*1H;2*1H3;/q;;;;+2/p-2

InChI key

LXZZYRPGZAFOLE-UHFFFAOYSA-L

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Application

cis-Diammineplatinum(II) dichloride has been used:
  • in cell viability measurement in cochlear explants
  • in the inhibition of cell proliferation and chemosensitivity in ovarian cancer cell lines
  • in MTT [3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-Diphenyltetrazolium Bromide] cell viability assay in oral squamous cell carcinoma

Packaging

1 g in glass bottle
25 mg in glass insert
100, 250 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Potent chemoimmunotherapeutic drug; stimulates the immune responses by activating macrophages and other cells of the immune system. Cisplatin-treated macrophages show increased antigen presentation function in vitro. Treatment increased cellular NF-κB content and translocation in macrophages. Cisplatin effects are regulated by kinases, phosphatases, and Ca2+/calmodulin. Forms cytotoxic adducts with the DNA dinucleotide d(pGpG), inducing intrastrand crosslinks.
Potent platinum-based antineoplastic agent. Forms cytotoxic adducts with the DNA dinucleotide d(pGpG), inducing intrastrand cross-links.

Features and Benefits

This compound is featured on the Caspases page of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.
This compound was developed by Corden. To browse the list of other pharma-developed compounds and Approved Drugs/Drug Candidates, click here.
This compound is a featured product for Apoptosis research. Click here to discover more featured Apoptosis products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.

Pictograms

Skull and crossbonesHealth hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 2 Oral - Carc. 1B - Eye Irrit. 2 - Resp. Sens. 1 - Skin Irrit. 2 - Skin Sens. 1 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

6.1B - Non-combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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Articles

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Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for Apoptosis

Apoptosis, or programmed cell death (PCD), is a selective process for the removal of unnecessary, infected or transformed cells in various biological systems. As it plays a role in the homeostasis of multicellular organisms, apoptosis is tightly regulated through two principal pathways by a number of regulatory and effector molecules.

Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for Cell Cycle Research

n proliferating cells, the cell cycle consists of four phases. Gap 1 (G1) is the interval between mitosis and DNA replication that is characterized by cell growth. Replication of DNA occurs during the synthesis (S) phase, which is followed by a second gap phase (G2) during which growth and preparation for cell division occurs. Together, these three stages comprise the interphase phase of the cell cycle. Interphase is followed by the mitotic (M) phase.

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