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320536

Sigma-Aldrich

Thionyl chloride

reagent grade, 97%

Linear Formula:
SOCl2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
118.97
Beilstein:
1209273
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

reagent grade

vapor pressure

97 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

97%

form

liquid

refractive index

n20/D 1.518 (lit.)

bp

79 °C (lit.)

mp

−105 °C (lit.)

density

1.631 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

ClS(Cl)=O

InChI

1S/Cl2OS/c1-4(2)3

InChI key

FYSNRJHAOHDILO-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Thionyl chloride is an inorganic acid chloride mainly used as a reagent to prepare carboxylic acid chlorides from carboxylic acids.

Application

Thionyl chloride may be used in the following processes:
  • To facilitate the synthesis of indenones from 3-hydroxyindanones via dehydroxylation.
  • To functionalize silica gel for thioacetalization of aldehydes.
  • Conversion of tert-butyl esters to acid chlorides.
  • Conversion of aliphatic and aromatic sulfoxides to sulfides in the presence of triphenylphosphine.

Packaging

1 L in Sure/Seal™

Pictograms

CorrosionSkull and crossbones

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Corr. 1A - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Supplementary Hazards

Storage Class Code

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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