MilliporeSigma
  • Home
  • Search Results
  • Oral administration of fermented probiotics improves the condition of feces in adult horses.

Oral administration of fermented probiotics improves the condition of feces in adult horses.

Journal of equine science (2015-01-06)
Saori Ishizaka, Akira Matsuda, Yosuke Amagai, Kumiko Oida, Hyosun Jang, Yuko Ueda, Masaki Takai, Akane Tanaka, Hiroshi Matsuda
ABSTRACT

The effects of probiotics on horses are still controversial. The present study was a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled crossover study designed to evaluate the ability of probiotics to improve intestinal conditions in adult horses. Fermented probiotics were administered to 10 healthy adult geldings for 28 days. The clinical condition of the horses was monitored daily, and the blood and feces were biochemically analyzed every 14 days. In the probiotic-treated group, the concentration of carboxylic acids in the feces was increased at days 14 and 28. In contrast to the fecal pH in the control group, which increased at days 14 and 28, the fecal pH in the probiotic-treated group did not increase. Additionally, the relative amounts of enteropathogenic bacterial DNA were diminished in the probiotic-treated group. These results suggest that probiotic bacteria proliferated in the equine intestine. No instances of abnormal clinical conditions or abnormal values in blood tests were observed throughout the study. Oral administration of fermented probiotics may have the ability to improve the intestinal environment biochemically and microbiologically without the risk of adverse effects.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol, BioUltra, for molecular biology, ≥99.5% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol, BioUltra, for molecular biology, TE-saturated, ~73% (T)
Supelco
Phenol solution, 100 μg/mL in acetonitrile, PESTANAL®, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol, puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, reag. Ph. Eur., 99.0-100.5%
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol, puriss., meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, 99.5-100.5% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol, BioXtra, ≥99.5% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol solution, Equilibrated with 10 mM Tris HCl, pH 8.0, 1 mM EDTA, BioReagent, for molecular biology
Supelco
Phenol, PESTANAL®, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol, puriss., meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, ≥99.5% (GC), crystalline (detached)
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol, ≥96.0% (calc. on dry substance, T)
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol, unstabilized, ReagentPlus®, ≥99%
Supelco
Phenol solution, 5000 μg/mL in methanol, certified reference material
Sigma-Aldrich
Methanol-12C, 99.95 atom % 12C
Supelco
Phenol solution, certified reference material, 500 μg/mL in methanol
Supelco
Methanol solution, contains 0.10 % (v/v) formic acid, UHPLC, suitable for mass spectrometry (MS), ≥99.5%
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol, unstabilized, purified by redistillation, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol, contains hypophosphorous as stabilizer, loose crystals, ACS reagent, ≥99.0%
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
3-Methylindole, 98%
Supelco
Phenol, Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol solution, Saturated with 0.1 M citrate buffer, pH 4.3 ± 0.2, BioReagent, for molecular biology
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol, for molecular biology
Sigma-Aldrich
Methanol solution, NMR reference standard, 4% in methanol-d4 (99.8 atom % D), NMR tube size 3 mm × 8 in.
Supelco
Methanol solution, NMR reference standard, 4% in methanol-d4 (99.8 atom % D), NMR tube size 5 mm × 8 in.
USP
Phenol, United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol, natural, 97%, FG
USP
Methyl alcohol, United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard
Supelco
3-Methylindole, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Methanol, HPLC Plus, ≥99.9%, poly-coated bottles
Supelco
Methanol, Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material