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33517

Sigma-Aldrich

Phenol

puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, reag. Ph. Eur., 99.0-100.5%

Synonym(s):
Hydroxybenzene
Linear Formula:
C6H5OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
94.11
Beilstein:
969616
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

ACS reagent
puriss. p.a.

Quality Level

Agency

reag. Ph. Eur.

vapor density

3.24 (vs air)

vapor pressure

0.09 psi ( 55 °C)
0.36 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

99.0-100.5%
99.5-100.5% (GC)

form

solid

autoignition temp.

1319 °F

expl. lim.

8.6 %

impurities

≤0.001% heavy metals (as Pb)
≤0.01% non-volatile matter
≤0.05% m-cresol (GC)
≤0.05% o-cresol (GC)
≤0.05% p-cresol (GC)
≤0.2% water (Karl Fischer)

bp

180-181 °C
182 °C (lit.)

mp

40-42 °C (lit.)

transition temp

solidification point ≥40.5 °C

density

1.071 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤5 mg/kg

cation traces

Fe: ≤1 mg/kg

SMILES string

Oc1ccccc1

InChI

1S/C6H6O/c7-6-4-2-1-3-5-6/h1-5,7H

InChI key

ISWSIDIOOBJBQZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

human ... GABRA1(2554)

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General description

Oxidation of phenol at synthetic boron-doped diamond thin film electrode (BDD) in perchloric acid medium has been proposed.[23] Mechanism of its oxidation to afford oxygen at doped SnO2 coated titanium anodes has been investigated.[24] Various industrial processes for the synthesis of phenol have been described.[00]

Application

Phenol may be used in the preparation of phenol reagents which participates in the Berthelot color reaction for the quantification of ammonia.[21] It may be used in the preparation of cresols, via Friedel-Crafts alkylation reaction.[00]

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Aquatic Chronic 2 - Eye Dam. 1 - Muta. 2 - Skin Corr. 1B - STOT RE 2

Storage Class Code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

177.8 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

81 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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