MilliporeSigma
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SRP3177

Sigma-Aldrich

TNF-α human

Animal-component free, recombinant, expressed in E. coli, ≥98% (SDS-PAGE), ≥98% (HPLC), suitable for cell culture

Synonym(s):
Tumor Necrosis Factor, Cytotoxin, Differentiation-inducing factor (DIF), Necrosin, Cachectin
NACRES:
NA.32

biological source

human

recombinant

expressed in E. coli

assay

≥98% (HPLC)
≥98% (SDS-PAGE)

form

lyophilized

potency

≤0.05 ng/mL ED50

mol wt

17.4 kDa

packaging

pkg of 50 μg

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

impurities

<0.1 EU/μg endotoxin, tested

color

white

UniProt accession no.

shipped in

wet ice

storage temp.

−20°C

Gene Information

human ... TNF(7124)

General description

TNF-α (tumor necrosis factor α) is a pleiotropic pro-inflammatory cytokine secreted by various cells including adipocytes, activated monocytes, macrophages, B cells, T cells and fibroblasts. It belongs to the TNF family of ligands and signals through two receptors, TNFR1 and TNFR2. The gene is mapped to human chromosome 6p21.3. Recombinant human TNF-α is a soluble 157 amino acid protein (17.4kDa) which corresponds to C-terminal extracellular domain of the full length transmembrane protein.

Application

TNF-α (tumor necrosis factor α) human has been used as a positive control for induction of proinflammatory genes in human intestinal and hepatic cell lines.

Biochem/physiol Actions

TNF-α (tumor necrosis factor α) is cytotoxic to a wide variety of tumor cells and is an essential factor in mediating the immune response against bacterial infections. However, it can be a tumor promoter as well as a tumor suppressor. TNF-α also plays a role in the induction of septic shock, autoimmune diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammation, apoptosis and diabetes. It is also associated with mood and anxiety disorders.

Sequence

VRSSSRTPSD KPVAHVVANP QAEGQLQWLN RRANALLANG VELRDNQLVV PSEGLYLIYS QVLFKGQGCP STHVLLTHTI SRIAVSYQTK VNLLSAIKSP CQRETPEGAE AKPWYEPIYL GGVFQLEKGD RLSAEINRPD YLDFAESGQV YFGIIAL

Physical form

Lyophilized from 10 mM Sodium Phosphate, pH 7.4 + 0.5mM DTT.

Reconstitution

Centrifuge the vial prior to opening. Reconstitute in water to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/ml. Do not vortex. This solution can be stored at 2-8°C for up to 1 week. For extended storage, it is recommended to further dilute in a buffer containing a stabilizer (example 5% Trehalose) and store in working aliquots at -20°C to -80°C.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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