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S6256

Sigma-Aldrich

Sulfamethazine

99.0-101.0% (on dried basis)

Synonym(s):
4,6-Dimethylsulfadiazine, 4-Amino-N-(4,6-dimethyl-2-pyrimidinyl)benzenesulfonamide, Sulfadimethyldiazine, Sulfadimidine
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C12H14N4O2S
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
278.33
Beilstein:
261304
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.85

Quality Level

assay

99.0-101.0% (on dried basis)

form

powder or crystals

storage condition

(Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Keep in a dry place.)

color

white to off-white

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-negative bacteria
Gram-positive bacteria

Mode of action

DNA synthesis | interferes
enzyme | inhibits

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

Cc1cc(C)nc(NS(=O)(=O)c2ccc(N)cc2)n1

InChI

1S/C12H14N4O2S/c1-8-7-9(2)15-12(14-8)16-19(17,18)11-5-3-10(13)4-6-11/h3-7H,13H2,1-2H3,(H,14,15,16)

InChI key

ASWVTGNCAZCNNR-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Chemical structure: sulfonamide

Application

Sulfamethazine is an antibiotic used to treat bronchitis, prostatitis and urinary tract infections. It is used in disposition and depletion kinetic studies. It is used to develop detection techniques for quantification in fluids such as cows′ milk, honey and swine urine.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Sulfamethazine is an antimicrobial sulfur drug that blocks the synthesis of dihydrofolic acid by inhibiting the enzyme dihydropteroate synthase. Sulfamethazine is a competitive inhibitor of bacterial para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA), which is required for bacterial synthesis of folic acid. It induces CYP3A4 expression and is acetylated by N-acetyltransferase. It exhibits sex dependent pharmacokinetics, metabolized by the male specific isoform CYP2C11. Sulfamethazine is bacteriostatic.
An antimicrobial sulfur drug. Induces CYP3A4 expression and acetylated by N-acetyltransferase. Exhibits sex dependent pharmacokinetics, metabolized by the male specific isoform CYP2C11.

Packaging

25G,100G

Other Notes

Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Keep in a dry place.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 2

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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