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L2880

Sigma-Aldrich

Lipopolysaccharides from Escherichia coli O55:B5

purified by phenol extraction

Synonym(s):
LPS
EC Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.25

biological source

Escherichia coli (O55:B5)

Quality Level

form

lyophilized powder

purified by

phenol extraction

impurities

<3% Protein (Lowry)

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

2-8°C

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General description

Lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) consist of a lipid A moiety linked to an antigenic O-polysaccharide.

Application

Lipopolysaccharide from Escherichia coli O55:B5 has been used:
  • to stimulate hepatocytes and non-parenchymal cells
  • to stimulate the spleen and study the expression of the Malitaf gene in the fish blunt snout bream
  • as part of the concanavalin A (ConA) and D-galactosamine/lipopolysaccharide (D-GalN/LPS) model of fulminant hepatitis to study the effect of the natural compound hesperetin
Lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) are characteristic components of the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria. LPS and its lipid A moiety stimulate cells of the innate immune system by the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), a member of the Toll-like receptor protein family, which recognizes common pathogen-associated molecular-patterns (PAMPs).

Packaging

10 mg in poly bottle
25, 100, 500 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Lipid A plays a role in the biological properties attributed to endotoxic LPS. LPS is a highly immunogenic antigen which has the ability to enhance immune responses.

Pictograms

Skull and crossbones

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 2 Oral

Storage Class Code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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