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H6380

Sigma-Aldrich

Hexokinase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae

lyophilized powder, ≥350 units/mg protein, Protein ≥10 % by biuret

Synonym(s):
ATP:D-Hexose-6-phosphotransferase, Hexokinase from yeast
CAS Number:
Enzyme Commission number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
32160410
NACRES:
NA.54

form

lyophilized powder

Quality Level

specific activity

≥350 units/mg protein

mol wt

dimer 110 kDa

composition

Protein, ≥10% biuret

UniProt accession no.

foreign activity

L-Glutamic dehydrogenase ≤0.05%
Creatine phosphokinase, myokinase, 6-phosphogluconic dehydrogenase and alcohol dehydrogenase ≤0.001%
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase ≤0.005%
Glutathione reductase ≤0.005%
Phosphoglucose isomerase ≤0.002%

storage temp.

2-8°C

Gene Information

bakers yeast ... HXK1(850614) , HXK2(852639)

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General description

Hexokinase (HK) from yeast is 486 amino acid containing enzyme with a α/β fold. It comprises a large and small domain separated by an active site cleft. Conserved glycine residues are essential for the ATP and glucose binding. The two isoforms are HKI and HKII encoded by HXK1 and HXK2 gene, respectively.

Application

Hexokinase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been used:
  • to investigate its amyloid fibril forming tendency using biophysical methods
  • in tracking ATP depletion in peroxisomes and reticulocyte lysates in import assays
  • in the synthesis of Mg-ADP-actin from Mg-ATP actin monomers

Packaging

1500 units in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Catalyzes the phosphorylation of D-hexose sugars at the C6 position utilizing ATP as a phosphate source.

The rate of phosphorylation varies with different hexoses (pH 7.5, 30 °C).
D-fructose KM: 0.33 mM
D-glucose KM: 0.12 mM
D-mannose KM: 0.05 mM

Yeast hexokinase exists as two similar isoforms, PI and PII (A and B), with isoelectric points of 5.25 and 4, respectively.

Molecular Weight: ~ 54 kDa (monomer)
~110 kDa (dimer)
Optimal pH: 7.5 to 9.0
Extinction Coefficient: E1% = 8.85 (PI) and 9.47 (PII) at 280 nm

Activators: Hexokinase requires Mg2+ ions (KM = 2.6 mM) for activity. Hexokinase is activated by catecholamines and related compounds.

Inhibitors: sorbose-1-phosphate, polyphosphates, 6-deoxy-6-fluoroglucose, 2-C-hydroxy-methylglucose, xylose, lyxose, and thiol reactive compounds (Hg2+ and 4-chloromercuribenzoate)
Hexokinase II is a crucial enzyme in glucose metabolism. Deletion of gene in S. cerevisiae in the presence of high glucose displays oxidative growth and results in the production of high biomass as well as shortened diauxic shift. Hexokinase II is also involved in glucose repression.

Unit Definition

One unit will phosphorylate 1.0 μmole of D-glucose per min at pH 7.6 at 25 °C, unless otherwise indicated below.

Physical form

Lyophilized powder containing phosphate/citrate pH approx. 7.0

Other Notes

Predominantly the PII isoform, produced from an overexpressing yeast strain.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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Technical Information

SDS

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