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79346

Sigma-Aldrich

Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate

synthetic, ≥98.0% (TLC)

Synonym(s):
12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate, 4β,9α,12β,13α,20-Pentahydroxytiglia-1,6-dien-3-one 12-tetradecanoate 13-acetate, PMA, TPA
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C36H56O8
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
616.83
Beilstein:
2407201
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.25

Quality Level

assay

≥98.0% (TLC)

form

film

quality

synthetic

solubility

chloroform: 10 mg/mL, clear, colorless to light yellow

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

CCCCCCCCCCCCCC(=O)O[C@@H]1[C@@H](C)[C@@]2(O)C(C=C(CO)C[C@@]3(O)C2C=C(C)C3=O)C4C(C)(C)[C@]14OC(C)=O

InChI

1S/C36H56O8/c1-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-29(39)43-32-24(3)35(42)27(30-33(5,6)36(30,32)44-25(4)38)20-26(22-37)21-34(41)28(35)19-23(2)31(34)40/h19-20,24,27-28,30,32,37,41-42H,7-18,21-22H2,1-6H3/t24-,27+,28-,30-,32-,34-,35-,36-/m1/s1

InChI key

PHEDXBVPIONUQT-RGYGYFBISA-N

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Application

Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate has been used to stimulate the in vitro production of interleukin (IL)-18, IL-10 and macrophages. It has also been used to induce protein kinase C activity.

Packaging

1, 5, 25 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate is a potent tumor promoter and activates protein kinase C in vivo and in vitro. It is a phorbol ester that is associated with many cellular responses including gene transcription, cell division and differentiation, apoptosis and immune response. It is also involved in protein kinase C (PKC) mediated receptor desensitization. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces PKC localization from the cytosol, enabling the enzyme association with the cell membrane.
Potent tumor promoter; activates protein kinase C in vivo and in vitro.

Other Notes

Activates protein kinase C in vivo and in vitro at nanomolar concentrations; Highly potent tumor promotor and mitogen: active principle of croton oil. Review

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 1 Dermal - Acute Tox. 1 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 2 Oral - Carc. 2 - Eye Dam. 1 - Resp. Sens. 1 - Skin Corr. 1B - Skin Sens. 1

Storage Class Code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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