32213

Sigma-Aldrich

Methanol

puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, reag. ISO, reag. Ph. Eur., ≥99.8% (GC)

Synonym(s):
Methyl alcohol
Linear Formula:
CH3OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
32.04
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1098229
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.05

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent
puriss. p.a.

Agency/Method

USP/NF
reag. ISO
reag. Ph. Eur.

vapor density

1.11 (vs air)

vapor pressure

410 mmHg ( 50 °C)
97.68 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.8% (GC)

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

725 °F

expl. lim.

36 %

application(s)

immunofluorescence: suitable

impurities

≤0.00005% free alkali (as NH3)
≤0.0001% formaldehyde
≤0.00025% KMnO4 red. matter (as O)
≤0.0005% non-volatile matter
≤0.001% acetaldehyde
≤0.001% acetone (GC)
≤0.05% water (Karl Fischer)
≤0.1% ethanol (GC)

refractive index

n20/D 1.329 (lit.)

bp

64.7 °C (lit.)

mp

−98 °C (lit.)

density

0.791 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤0.5 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤1 mg/kg

cation traces

Al: ≤0.5 mg/kg
B: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Ba: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Bi: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ca: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Cd: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Co: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cr: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cu: ≤0.01 mg/kg
Fe: ≤0.1 mg/kg
K: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Li: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mg: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mn: ≤0.01 mg/kg
Mo: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Na: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Ni: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Pb: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Sn: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Sr: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Zn: ≤0.1 mg/kg

SMILES string

CO

InChI

1S/CH4O/c1-2/h2H,1H3

InChI key

OKKJLVBELUTLKV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Thermochemical conversion of methanol to C2-C10 hydrocarbons in the presence of shape-selective zeolites has been reported. Its oxidation on Ru-Pt catalyst system by ruthenium ad-atoms has been proposed.
Methanol is an organic solvent that can be synthesized from syngas in the presence of CuO/ZnO/Al2O3 catalysts. It is an ideal candidate as a hydrogen source in fuel cell technology due to its high H/C ratio, low propensity for soot generation, relatively low reforming temperature and as it exists in liquid state at room temperature. In a direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC), methanol undergoes oxidation with air to generate electricity. The olefins (ethylene or propylene) formed from methanol via MTO (methanol-to-olefins) process, can be an alternate to oil and gas to produce hydrocarbon fuels.

Application

Methanol was used in the following studies:
  • Colony forming unit-fibroblast assay of bone marrow mononuclear cells.
  • As solvent for the preparation of extracts of hyphae of Aspergillus for the estimation of gliotoxin by reversed phase-HPLC.
  • Immunofluorescence studies.

Packaging

In PE-bottles; also available Glass-bottles (Material no. ending with *-GL)

Other Notes

The article number 32213-4X2.5L will be discontinued. Please order the single bottle 32213-2.5L which is physically identical with the same exact specifications.
The article number 32213-4X2.5L-M will be discontinued. Please order the single bottle 32213-2.5L-M which is physically identical with the same exact specifications.
The article number 32213-4X5L will be discontinued. Please order the single bottle 32213-5L which is physically identical with the same exact specifications.
The article number 32213-6X1L will be discontinued. Please order the single bottle 32213-1L which is physically identical with the same exact specifications.

Signal Word

Danger

Target Organs

Eyes

RIDADR

UN1230 - class 3 - PG 2 - Methanol

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

49.5 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

9.7 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Beyond oil and gas: the methanol economy.
Olah GA.
Angewandte Chemie (International Edition in English), 44(18), 2636-2639 (2005)
Catalytic carbon dioxide hydrogenation to methanol: A review of recent studies.
Jadhav SG, et al.
Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 92(11), 2557-2567 (2014)
Methanol steam reforming for hydrogen generation via conventional and membrane reactors: a review.
Iulianelli A, et al.
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 29, 355-368 (2014)
Robert E Schwartz et al.
The Journal of clinical investigation, 109(10), 1291-1302 (2002-05-22)
We have derived from normal human, mouse, and rat postnatal bone marrow primitive, multipotent adult progenitor cells (MAPCs) that can differentiate into most mesodermal cells and neuroectodermal cells in vitro and into all embryonic lineages in vivo. Here, we show...
Review of methanol reforming-Cu-based catalysts, surface reaction mechanisms, and reaction schemes.
Yong ST, et al.
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 38(22), 9541-9552 (2013)

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