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205281

Sigma-Aldrich

Lithium perchlorate

ACS reagent, ≥95.0%

Linear Formula:
LiClO4
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
106.39
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent

assay

≥95.0%

form

powder, chunks or granules

reaction suitability

reagent type: oxidant

impurities

≤0.005% insolubles

pH

6.0-7.5 (25 °C, 5%)

mp

236 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤0.003%
sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.001%

cation traces

Fe: ≤5 ppm
heavy metals: ≤5 ppm (by ICP-OES)

SMILES string

[Li+].[O-]Cl(=O)(=O)=O

InChI

1S/ClHO4.Li/c2-1(3,4)5;/h(H,2,3,4,5);/q;+1/p-1

InChI key

MHCFAGZWMAWTNR-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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General description

Lithium perchlorate (LiClO4) is a colorless lithium salt. On the crystallization from its aqueous solution, it affords lithium perchlorate trihydrate (LiClO4.3H2O). It can be synthesized by reacting lithium chloride with perchloric acid.

Application

Lithium perchlorate (LiClO4) may be used as a catalyst in the synthesis of bis(indolyl)methanes.
When used as a co-catalyst, accelerates the Baylis-Hillman reaction, the coupling of α,β-unsaturated carbonyls with aldehydes.
Lithium perchlorate may be used to catalyze:
  • The acylation of hindered alcohols and phenols under solvent-free conditions.
  • 1,4-Conjugate addition of O-silylated ketene acetals to hindered αβ,-unsaturated carbonyl system.
  • The protection of amine groups as N-Boc derivatives via tert-butoxycarbonylation.
  • Synthesis of α-aminophosphonates under solvent free conditions.

Packaging

5 g in glass bottle
100, 500 g in poly bottle

Pictograms

Flame over circleExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Irrit. 2 - Ox. Sol. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

5.1A - Strongly oxidizing hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 1

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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