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179957

Sigma-Aldrich

Methanol

Laboratory Reagent, ≥99.6%

Synonym(s):
Methyl alcohol
Linear Formula:
CH3OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
32.04
Beilstein:
1098229
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
39020101
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.05

grade

Laboratory Reagent

Quality Level

vapor density

1.11 (vs air)

vapor pressure

410 mmHg ( 50 °C)
97.68 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.6%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

725 °F

expl. lim.

36 %

impurities

≤0.01% alkalinity (as NH3)
≤0.03% acidity (as HCOOH)
≤0.1% water

evapn. residue

≤0.01%

refractive index

n20/D 1.329 (lit.)

bp

64.7 °C (lit.)

mp

−98 °C (lit.)

density

0.791 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

CO

InChI

1S/CH4O/c1-2/h2H,1H3

InChI key

OKKJLVBELUTLKV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Methanol is an organic solvent that can be synthesized from syngas in the presence of CuO/ZnO/Al2O3 catalysts. It is an ideal candidate as a hydrogen source in fuel cell technology due to its high H/C ratio, low propensity for soot generation, relatively low reforming temperature and as it exists in liquid state at room temperature. In a direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC), methanol undergoes oxidation with air to generate electricity. The olefins (ethylene or propylene) formed from methanol via MTO (methanol-to-olefins) process, can be an alternative to oil and gas to produce hydrocarbon fuels.
Methanol is an industrially important alcohol. Its thermochemical conversion to C2-C10 hydrocarbons in the presence of shape-selective zeolites has been reported. Its oxidation on Ru-Pt catalyst system by ruthenium ad-atoms has been proposed. It participates in the purification step during the synthesis of pyocyanin, a toxic compound found in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Application

Methanol may be used to compose the binary mixtures with acetonitrile in a study. Experimental evaluation of the values of dielectric constant and dielectric loss of these binary mixtures at microwave frequencies at 300°C has been reported.

Packaging

18, 20 L in steel drum
1, 4, 4×4 L in glass bottle

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Flam. Liq. 2 - STOT SE 1

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

49.5 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

9.7 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

Dielectric behavior of acetonitrile+ methanol binary mixtures at microwave frequency.
Jogdand AP and Kadam PL.
IOSR Journal of Applied Physics, 2278-4861 (2014)
Standardized chemical synthesis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa pyocyanin.
Cheluvappa R.
Gastroenterologia y hepatologia, 22, 1350-1351 (2007)
Catalytic carbon dioxide hydrogenation to methanol: A review of recent studies.
Jadhav SG, et al.
Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 92(11), 2557-2567 (2014)
Beyond oil and gas: the methanol economy.
Olah GA.
Angewandte Chemie (International Edition in English), 44(18), 2636-2639 (2005)
Methanol steam reforming for hydrogen generation via conventional and membrane reactors: a review.
Iulianelli A, et al.
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 29, 355-368 (2014)

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