179957

Sigma-Aldrich

Methanol

Laboratory Reagent, ≥99.6%

Synonym(s):
Methyl alcohol
Linear Formula:
CH3OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
32.04
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1098229
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
39020101
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.05

grade

Laboratory Reagent

Quality Level

vapor density

1.11 (vs air)

vapor pressure

410 mmHg ( 50 °C)
97.68 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.6%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

725 °F

expl. lim.

36 %

impurities

≤0.01% alkalinity (as NH3)
≤0.03% acidity (as HCOOH)
≤0.1% water

evapn. residue

≤0.01%

refractive index

n20/D 1.329 (lit.)

bp

64.7 °C (lit.)

mp

−98 °C (lit.)

density

0.791 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

CO

InChI

1S/CH4O/c1-2/h2H,1H3

InChI key

OKKJLVBELUTLKV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Methanol is an organic solvent that can be synthesized from syngas in the presence of CuO/ZnO/Al2O3 catalysts. It is an ideal candidate as a hydrogen source in fuel cell technology due to its high H/C ratio, low propensity for soot generation, relatively low reforming temperature and as it exists in liquid state at room temperature. In a direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC), methanol undergoes oxidation with air to generate electricity. The olefins (ethylene or propylene) formed from methanol via MTO (methanol-to-olefins) process, can be an alternative to oil and gas to produce hydrocarbon fuels.
Methanol is an industrially important alcohol. Its thermochemical conversion to C2-C10 hydrocarbons in the presence of shape-selective zeolites has been reported. Its oxidation on Ru-Pt catalyst system by ruthenium ad-atoms has been proposed. It participates in the purification step during the synthesis of pyocyanin, a toxic compound found in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Application

Methanol may be used to compose the binary mixtures with acetonitrile in a study. Experimental evaluation of the values of dielectric constant and dielectric loss of these binary mixtures at microwave frequencies at 300°C has been reported.

Packaging

18, 20 L in steel drum
1, 4, 4×4 L in glass bottle

Signal Word

Danger

hazcat

Acute Tox. 3 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Flam. Liq. 2 - STOT SE 1

Target Organs

Eyes

storage_class_code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

49.5 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

9.7 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Dielectric behavior of acetonitrile+ methanol binary mixtures at microwave frequency.
Jogdand AP and Kadam PL.
IOSR Journal of Applied Physics, 2278-4861 (2014)
Standardized chemical synthesis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa pyocyanin.
Cheluvappa R.
Gastroenterologia y hepatologia, 22, 1350-1351 (2007)
Catalytic carbon dioxide hydrogenation to methanol: A review of recent studies.
Jadhav SG, et al.
Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 92(11), 2557-2567 (2014)
Beyond oil and gas: the methanol economy.
Olah GA.
Angewandte Chemie (International Edition in English), 44(18), 2636-2639 (2005)
Review of methanol reforming-Cu-based catalysts, surface reaction mechanisms, and reaction schemes.
Yong ST, et al.
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 38(22), 9541-9552 (2013)

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