MilliporeSigma
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C0759

Sigma-Aldrich

Citric acid

99%

Linear Formula:
HOC(COOH)(CH2COOH)2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
192.12
Beilstein:
782061
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
39021801
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

assay

99%

form

crystals

expl. lim.

8 %, 65 °F

pKa (25 °C)

(1) 3.13, (2) 4.76, (3) 6.40

pKa 

(1) 3.13, (2) 4.76, (3) 6.4

mp

153-159 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: soluble 383 g/L at 25 °C

SMILES string

OC(=O)CC(O)(CC(O)=O)C(O)=O

InChI

1S/C6H8O7/c7-3(8)1-6(13,5(11)12)2-4(9)10/h13H,1-2H2,(H,7,8)(H,9,10)(H,11,12)

InChI key

KRKNYBCHXYNGOX-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Citric acid is an organic acid widely used in food and pharmaceutical industry. On an industrial scale, it is generally produced by submerged fermentation of molasses using the fungus Aspergillus niger.[76] Potentiometric determination of citric acid in refined glyceride oils and fats has been investigated.[84] A method to remove calcium from tissues without changing its antigenic properties using citric acid has been reported.[85]

Packaging

100, 500 g in poly bottle
1 kg in poly bottle
5 kg in poly drum

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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