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Bile bovine

dried, unfractionated

Ox gall powder
CAS Number:
EC Number:
MDL number:

Quality Level




dried, unfractionated




water: soluble 50 mg/mL



General description

Bile bovine is extracted under controlled conditions from purified fresh bile, to be used in bacteriological culture media as a selective inhibitory agent for isolation and identification of pathogens. Bile is a yellow-green aqueous solution consisting of 70% bile salts, 22% phospholipids, 4% cholesterol, 3% proteins and 0.3% bilirubin. It is produced from cholesterol in liver hepatocytes and stored in the gallbladder. Bile acids are steroid acids found mainly in the bile of mammals and other vertebrates. They can be used as a selective agent in media for the detection of intestinal bacteria.


Bile bovine has been used:
  • in De Man, Rogosa and Sharpe agar (MRS) broth for the growth test under high bile-salt condition
  • as a component in MRS to grow Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis 200+,to study the effect of bile salts on cell morphology
  • as a component in brain heart infusion (BHI) broth for broth assays to study its effects on Enterococcus faecalis V583


25, 100, 500 g in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Bile acids plays a physiological role in the removal of cholesterol from the body. It also participates in the intestinal solubilization and absorption of lipids.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids



Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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Impact of bile salt adaptation of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis 200 on its interaction capacity with the gut
Burns P, et al.
Research in Microbiology, 162(8), 782-790 (2011)
Helena Šeme et al.
Food research international (Ottawa, Ont.), 94, 45-53 (2017-03-16)
Malabsorption of dietary sugars is a common cause of gastrointestinal discomfort, affecting up to one in three people with debilitating symptoms, such as abdominal pain, osmotic diarrhoea, bloating and flatulence. Besides dietary interventions, it has been suggested that ingestion of
Xin Wen et al.
Food chemistry, 257, 36-43 (2018-04-07)
As hydrolysis of carotenoid esters is believed to be highly efficient in vivo, their insufficient hydrolysis in in vitro-digestion models, particularly, regarding zeaxanthin diesters, is a current issue. Therefore, in this study, several factors related to the enzymatic hydrolysis were
Screening lactic acid bacteria from swine origins for multistrain probiotics based on in vitro functional properties
Guo XH, et al.
Anaerobe, 16(4), 321- 326 (2010)
Transcriptional responses of Enterococcus faecalis V583 to bovine bile and sodium dodecyl sulfate
Solheim M, et al.
Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 73(18), 5767-5774 (2007)

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