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LX-2 Human Hepatic Stellate Cell Line

The LX-2 human hepatic stellate cell line has been extensively characterized and retain key features of hepatic stellate cytokine signaling, neuronal gene expression, retinoid metabolism, and fibrogenesis, making them a highly suitable model of human hepatic fibrosis.

HSC, Perisinusoidal cells, Ito cells, Hepatic lipocytes, Hepatic pericytes

Quality Level

biological source



cell culture | stem cell: suitable

shipped in

liquid nitrogen

Related Categories

General description

Hepatic stellate cells are a major cell type responsible for liver fibrosis following their activation into fibrogenic myofibroblast-like cells in diseases such as chronic alcoholism, hepatitis B and C, fatty liver disease, obesity and diabetes. There is an increasing need for renewable cell culture models that faithfully recapitulate their in vivo phenotype, particularly for human studies.

LX-2 was generated by immmortalization of primary human hepatic stellate cells with the SV40 large T antigen followed by selective culture of early passaged cells in low serum media conditions.

Immortalized LX-2 was established by Xu et al to overcome issues of culture variability and to provide a stable and unlimited source of human hepatic stellate cells that are homogeneous. These cell lines have been extensively characterized and retain key features of cytokine signaling, neuronal gene expression, retinoid metabolism, and fibrogenesis, making them highly suitable for culture based studies of human hepatic fibrosis.


Research Category
Infectious Diseases

Inflammation & Immunology

Stem Cell Research


1) ≥1X106 viable LX-2 Human Hepatic Stellate Cells: (Catalog No. SCC064). Store in liquid nitrogen.


• Each vial contains ≥ 1X106 viable cells.
• Cells are tested by PCR and are negative for Hepatitis A, B, C and HIV-1 & 2 viruses.
• Cells are negatrive for mycoplasma contamination.

Storage and Stability

LX-2 cells should be stored in liquid nitrogen. The cells can be passage for at least 10 passages without significantly affecting the cell marker expression and functionality. LX-2 cells have been successfully expanded past passage 50 in culture.

Other Notes

This product is intended for sale and sold solely to academic institutions for internal academic research use per the terms of the "Academic Use Agreement" as detailed in the product documentation. For information regarding any other use, please contact

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids



Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Paula C Arriola Benitez et al.
The American journal of pathology, 183(6), 1918-1927 (2013-10-12)
In patients with active brucellosis, the liver is frequently affected by histopathologic lesions, such as granulomas, inflammatory infiltrations, and parenchymal necrosis. Herein, we examine some potential mechanisms of liver damage in brucellosis. We demonstrate that Brucella abortus infection inhibits matrix...
Rui Liao et al.
Journal of experimental & clinical cancer research : CR, 32, 22-22 (2013-04-23)
Peritumoral activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are versatile myofibroblast-like cells closely related with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression. So far, comprehensive comparison of gene expression of human HSCs during hepatocarcinogenesis is scanty. Therefore, we identified the phenotypic and genomic characteristics of...
Isolated hepatic lipocytes and Kupffer cells from normal human liver: morphological and functional characteristics in primary culture.
Friedman, S L, et al.
Hepatology, 15, 234-243 (1992)
Interleukin-21 mediates hepatitis B virus-associated liver cirrhosis by activating hepatic stellate cells.
Feng, Guohua, et al.
Hepatology Research : the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology (2013)
Ching-Fen Wu et al.
Journal of cellular biochemistry, 114(3), 541-550 (2012-09-11)
Hepatitis C virus core protein (HCVcp), which is secreted by infected cells, is reported as an immunomodulator in immune cells. However, the effects of HCVcp on hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), the key cells in liver fibrosis, still remain unclear. In...

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