MilliporeSigma
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W262706

Sigma-Aldrich

Levulinic acid

≥97%, FG

Synonym(s):
4-Oxopentanoic acid, 4-Oxovaleric acid
Linear Formula:
CH3COCH2CH2COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
116.12
FEMA Number:
2627
Beilstein:
506796
EC Number:
Council of Europe no.:
23
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
Flavis number:
8.023
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

biological source

synthetic

grade

FG
Halal
Kosher

Agency

follows IFRA guidelines
meets purity specifications of JECFA

reg. compliance

EU Regulation 1223/2009
EU Regulation 1334/2008 & 178/2002
FDA 21 CFR 172.515

vapor pressure

1 mmHg ( 102 °C)

assay

≥97%

bp

245-246 °C (lit.)

mp

30-33 °C (lit.)

density

1.134 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

application(s)

flavors and fragrances

Documentation

see Safety & Documentation for available documents

food allergen

no known allergens

fragrance allergen

no known allergens

Organoleptic

caramel; creamy; acidic; sweet; vanilla

SMILES string

CC(=O)CCC(O)=O

InChI

1S/C5H8O3/c1-4(6)2-3-5(7)8/h2-3H2,1H3,(H,7,8)

InChI key

JOOXCMJARBKPKM-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Pictograms

CorrosionExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Sens. 1

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

208.4 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

98 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

Wenyang Pan et al.
Journal of industrial microbiology & biotechnology, 39(3), 459-469 (2011-09-29)
Sugar maple hemicellulosic hydrolysate containing 71.9 g/l of xylose was used as an inexpensive feedstock to produce polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) by Burkholderia cepacia ATCC 17759. Several inhibitory compounds present in wood hydrolysate were analyzed for effects on cell growth and PHA production
Pierre Gallezot
Chemical Society reviews, 41(4), 1538-1558 (2011-09-13)
This critical review provides a survey illustrated by recent references of different strategies to achieve a sustainable conversion of biomass to bioproducts. Because of the huge number of chemical products that can be potentially manufactured, a selection of starting materials
Maria Dyah Nur Meinita et al.
Bioprocess and biosystems engineering, 35(1-2), 93-98 (2011-09-13)
Red seaweed, Kappaphycus alvarezii, holds great promise for use in biofuel production due to its high carbohydrate content. In this study, we investigated the effect of fermentation inhibitors to the K. alvarezii hydrolysate on cell growth and ethanol fermentation. In
Richard D Ashby et al.
Bioresource technology, 118, 272-280 (2012-06-19)
Glycerine (a biodiesel co-product) and levulinic acid (a pulp and paper co-product) were used as co-substrates for the fermentative synthesis of short-chain polyhydroxyalkanoate (sc-PHA) biopolymers with tunable monomer and molecular weight characteristics. Pseudomonas oleovorans NRRL B-14682 utilized glycerine alone to
Ronen Weingarten et al.
ChemSusChem, 5(7), 1280-1290 (2012-06-15)
We have developed a kinetic model for aqueous-phase production of levulinic acid from glucose using a homogeneous acid catalyst. The proposed model shows a good fit with experimental data collected in this study in a batch reactor. The model was

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