MilliporeSigma
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W262701

Sigma-Aldrich

Levulinic acid

natural, 99%, FG

Synonym(s):
4-Oxopentanoic acid, 4-Oxovaleric acid
Linear Formula:
CH3COCH2CH2COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
116.12
FEMA Number:
2627
Beilstein:
506796
EC Number:
Council of Europe no.:
23
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
Flavis number:
8.023
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

FG
Halal
Kosher
natural

Agency

follows IFRA guidelines
meets purity specifications of JECFA

reg. compliance

EU Regulation 1223/2009
EU Regulation 1334/2008 & 178/2002

vapor pressure

1 mmHg ( 102 °C)

assay

99%

refractive index

n20/D 1.442

bp

245-246 °C (lit.)

mp

30-33 °C (lit.)

density

1.134 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

application(s)

flavors and fragrances

Documentation

see Safety & Documentation for available documents

food allergen

no known allergens

fragrance allergen

no known allergens

Organoleptic

caramel; creamy; acidic; sweet; vanilla

SMILES string

CC(=O)CCC(O)=O

InChI

1S/C5H8O3/c1-4(6)2-3-5(7)8/h2-3H2,1H3,(H,7,8)

InChI key

JOOXCMJARBKPKM-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Levulinic acid, an organic acid, is mainly used as a cigarette additive.

Packaging

100 g in poly bottle
1 kg in poly bottle
10 kg in poly drum

Pictograms

CorrosionExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Sens. 1

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

208.4 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

98 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

Suheyla Kocaman
International journal of phytoremediation, 22(8), 885-895 (2020-03-11)
This study has developed an innovative and environmentally friendly approach for the removal of methylene blue (MB) dye by natural shells (NShs) chemically modified with levulinic acid (LA). Almond shell (ASh), walnut shell (WSh), and apricot kernel shell (AKSh) were
Sarah Tschirner et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 23(8) (2018-07-28)
A mixture of hexafluoroisopropanol (HFIP) and water was used as a new and unknown monophasic reaction solvent for fructose dehydration in order to produce HMF. HFIP is a low-boiling fluorous alcohol (b.p. 58 °C). Hence, HFIP can be recovered cost
Sofia Tallarico et al.
Scientific reports, 9(1), 18858-18858 (2019-12-13)
Cellulose is the main component of lignocellulosic biomass. Its direct chemocatalytic conversion into lactic acid (LA), a powerful biobased chemical platform, represents an important, and more easily scalable alternative to the fermentative way. In this paper, we present the selective
Wenyang Pan et al.
Journal of industrial microbiology & biotechnology, 39(3), 459-469 (2011-09-29)
Sugar maple hemicellulosic hydrolysate containing 71.9 g/l of xylose was used as an inexpensive feedstock to produce polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) by Burkholderia cepacia ATCC 17759. Several inhibitory compounds present in wood hydrolysate were analyzed for effects on cell growth and PHA production
Pierre Gallezot
Chemical Society reviews, 41(4), 1538-1558 (2011-09-13)
This critical review provides a survey illustrated by recent references of different strategies to achieve a sustainable conversion of biomass to bioproducts. Because of the huge number of chemical products that can be potentially manufactured, a selection of starting materials

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