reaction type: Buchwald-Hartwig Cross Coupling Reaction
reaction type: Heck Reaction
reaction type: Hiyama Coupling
reaction type: Negishi Coupling
reaction type: Sonogashira Coupling
reaction type: Stille Coupling
reaction type: Suzuki-Miyaura Coupling
reagent type: catalyst
150-193 °C (decomposition)
13 - Non Combustible Solids
All of the preformed catalysts used in the kit are air and moisture stable complexes in their commercially available form. Once activated by base under the reaction conditions they become sensitive to air. To best enable scale-up success, the use of standard Schlenk technique is recommended.
All contents in the foil bag are weighed, plated, packed, and sealed in a glove box under nitrogen.
G3 and G4 Buchwald palladium precatalysts are the newest air, moisture, and thermally stable crossing-coupling complexes used in bond formation for their versatility and high reactivity.
The Buchwald group has developed a series of highly active and versatile palladium precatalysts and biarylphosphine ligands used in cross-coupling reactions for the formation of C-C, C–N, C–O, C–F, C–CF3, and C–S bonds. The ligands are electron-rich, and highly tunable to provide catalyst systems with a diverse scope, high stability and reactivity. Furthermore, the new series of precatalysts are air-, moisture and thermally-stable and display good solubility in common organic solvents. The use of precatalysts ensures the efficient generation of the active catalytic species and allows one to accurately adjust the ligand:palladium ratio. The ligands, precatalysts and methodology developed in the Buchwald group are user friendly and have rendered previously difficult cross couplings reactions, much easier to achieve.