Jerry Isaacson et al.
Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English), 48(10), 1845-1848 (2009-01-29)
(-)-Dysibetaine has been synthesized in 11 steps from readily available L-malic acid (see scheme). The key step is a unique Ugi 4-center-3-component cyclization reaction, where an ester group acts as the carboxylic acid component. The use of 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexamethyldisilazane as an