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577928

Sigma-Aldrich

Lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide solution

1 M in toluene

Synonym(s):
LiHMDS, Hexamethyldisilazane lithium salt
Linear Formula:
[(CH3)3Si]2NLi
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
167.33
Beilstein:
3567910
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.22

Quality Level

concentration

1 M in toluene

density

0.860 g/mL at 25 °C

SMILES string

[Li]N([Si](C)(C)C)[Si](C)(C)C

InChI

1S/C6H18NSi2.Li/c1-8(2,3)7-9(4,5)6;/h1-6H3;/q-1;+1

InChI key

YNESATAKKCNGOF-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide solution (LiHMDS) is generally used in organic synthesis as a non-nucleophilic strong Bronsted base.

Application

LiHMDS can be used as a reagent:
  • In the deprotonation and nucleophilic difluoromethylation reactions.
  • To synthesize isoquinoline derivatives by the addition of N-iodosuccinimide (NIS) to the α-benzyl tosylmethyl isocyanides.
  • To prepare arylboronic acid pinacol esters by the reaction of aryl fluorides with bis(pinacolato)diboron via palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reaction.

Lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide is generally used in organic synthesis as a non-nucleophilic strong Brønsted base. It can be used for salt metathesis reaction for the synthesis of cesium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide (CsHMDS) and lithium fluoride by reacting with cesium fluoride.

Packaging

100, 800 mL in Sure/Seal™

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Aquatic Chronic 3 - Asp. Tox. 1 - Eye Dam. 1 - Flam. Liq. 2 - Repr. 2 - Self-heat. 1 - Skin Corr. 1B - STOT RE 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Central nervous system

Supplementary Hazards

Storage Class Code

4.2 - Pyrophoric and self-heating hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

48.0 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

8.9 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Lithium and potassium bis (trimethylsilyl) amide: Utilizing non-nucleophilic bases as nitrogen sources
Bruning J, et al.
Tetrahedron Letters, 38(18), 3187-3188 (1997)
Structural Studies of Cesium, Lithium/Cesium, and Sodium/Cesium Bis (trimethylsilyl) amide (HMDS) Complexes
Ojeda-Amador AI, et al.
Inorganic Chemistry, 55(11), 5719-5728 (2016)
Xiaoguang Li et al.
Chemical communications (Cambridge, England), 47(38), 10761-10763 (2011-08-30)
A silica microsphere suspension and a silica sol are employed in a two-step dipping process for the preparation of a superhydrophobic surface. It's not only a facile way to achieve the lotus effect, but can also create a multi-functional surface
Tatsuya Nitabaru et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 131(38), 13860-13869 (2009-09-10)
Full details of an anti-selective catalytic asymmetric nitroaldol reaction promoted by a heterobimetallic catalyst comprised of Nd(5)O(O(i)Pr)(13), an amide-based ligand, and NaHMDS (sodium hexamethyldisilazide) are described. A systematic synthesis and evaluation of amide-based ligands led to the identification of optimum
Nan Li et al.
Lab on a chip, 8(12), 2105-2112 (2008-11-22)
High-density live cell array serves as a valuable tool for the development of high-throughput immunophenotyping systems and cell-based biosensors. In this paper, we have, for the first time, demonstrated a simple fabrication process to form the hexamethyldisilazane (HMDS) and poly(ethylene

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