All Photos(2)



2,2′-Azobis(2-methylpropionamidine) dihydrochloride

granular, 97%

α,α′-Azodiisobutyramidine dihydrochloride, AAPH
Linear Formula:
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level






10 hr(56 °C)


175-177 °C (lit.)


acetone, dioxane, methanol, ethanol, DMSO and water: soluble

SMILES string




InChI key



25, 100 g in poly bottle


Free radical initiator.
Polymerization initiator for acrylic, vinyl and allyl monomers.

Features and Benefits

Undergoes first order decomposition to a cationic radical. Decomposes on exposure to UV. Compatible with cationic surfactants. Decomposition rate is pH dependent

Signal Word


Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 1 - Eye Irrit. 2 - Self-heat. 1 - Skin Sens. 1

Storage Class Code

4.2 - Pyrophoric and self-heating hazardous materials



Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

Chuan Xiao et al.
European journal of medicinal chemistry, 53, 159-167 (2012-04-24)
A series of 4-methylcoumarin derivatives containing 4,5-dihydropyrazole moiety were synthesized and their antioxidant activities were evaluated in AAPH (2,2'-azobis(2-amidinopropane hydrochloride))-induced oxidation of DNA, and in trapping DPPH (2,2'-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) and ABTS(+•) (2,2'-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonate) cationic radical), respectively. Among coumarin derivatives, 3a-d and 4a-c
Nitya Jani et al.
Journal of pharmacological and toxicological methods, 65(3), 142-146 (2012-04-18)
Radical-induced haemolysis has been employed by many investigators to determine the antioxidant capacity of novel compounds. However the free radical generator 2,2'-azobis (2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (AAPH) results in the complete depletion of intracellular reduced glutathione (GSH) in cells that can no
A Nakajima et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 403(7), 1961-1970 (2012-05-01)
The characteristics of the spin-trapping reaction in the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC)-electron spin resonance (ESR) assay were examined, focusing on the kind of spin traps. 2,2-Azobis(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (AAPH) was used as a free radical initiator. The spin adducts of
Ju-Young Ko et al.
Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association, 52, 113-120 (2012-11-14)
We investigated the effects of bioactive-peptides from hydrolysates of flounder fish muscle (FFM) on antioxidant activity. The hydrolysates were prepared by enzymatic reactions of FFM using eight commercial proteases such as papain, pepsin, trypsin, neutrase, alcalase, kojizyme, protamex, and α-chymotrypsin.
Olivier Mozziconacci et al.
Chemical research in toxicology, 25(9), 1842-1861 (2012-06-21)
Glutathione thiyl radicals (GS(•)) were generated in H(2)O and D(2)O by either exposure of GSH to AAPH, photoirradiation of GSH in the presence of acetone, or photoirradiation of GSSG. Detailed interpretation of the fragmentation pathways of deuterated GSH and GSH


A Micro Review of Reversible Addition/Fragmentation Chain Transfer (RAFT) Polymerization

We presents an article about a micro review of reversible addition/fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization. RAFT (Reversible Addition/Fragmentation Chain Transfer) polymerization is a reversible deactivation radical polymerization (RDRP) and one of the more versatile methods for providing living characteristics to radical polymerization.

Tools for Performing ATRP

Tools for Performing ATRP

Applying ARGET ATRP to the Growth of Polymer Brush Thin Films by Surface-initiated Polymerization

Applying ARGET ATRP to the Growth of Polymer Brush Thin Films by Surface-initiated Polymerization

Copper(I)-mediated Living Radical Polymerization in the Presence of Pyridylmethanimine Ligands

We presents an article about Copper(I)-mediated Living Radical Polymerization in the Presence of Pyridylmethanimine Ligands, and the emergence of living radical polymerization mediated by transition metal catalysts in 1995, which was a seminal piece of work in the field of synthetic polymer chemistry.


Preparation of Monodisperse Polymer Spheres

Monodisperse, surfactant-free polymer spheres for use as colloidal crystal templates can be easily obtained in reasonably large quantities. Typical synthesis methods for poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and poly(styrene) (PS) by emulsifier free emulsion polymerization are described below and yield spheres several hundred nanometers in diameter.

Typical Procedures for Polymerizing via RAFT

We presents an article featuring procedures that describe polymerization of methyl methacrylate and vinyl acetate homopolymers and a block copolymer as performed by researchers at CSIRO.

Concepts and Tools for RAFT Polymerization

We present an article about RAFT, or Reversible Addition/Fragmentation Chain Transfer, which is a form of living radical polymerization.

Typical Procedures for Polymerizing via ATRP

An article about the typical procedures for polymerizing via ATRP, which demonstrates that in the following two procedures describe two ATRP polymerization reactions as performed by Prof. Dave Hadddleton′s research group at the University of Warwick.

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service