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311421

Sigma-Aldrich

Perchloric acid

70%, 99.999% trace metals basis

Synonym(s):
PCA
Linear Formula:
HClO4
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
100.46
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.22

vapor pressure

6.8 mmHg ( 25 °C)

Quality Level

assay

70%
99.999% trace metals basis

form

liquid

reaction suitability

reagent type: oxidant

density

1.664 g/mL at 25 °C

SMILES string

OCl(=O)(=O)=O

InChI

1S/ClHO4/c2-1(3,4)5/h(H,2,3,4,5)

InChI key

VLTRZXGMWDSKGL-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Application

Perchloric acid (HClO4) can be used in the preparation of:
  • Silica supported perchloric acid (HClO4-SiO2) which is used as a catalyst in geminal diacylation of aldehydes, synthesis of amidoalkyl naphthols, primary carbamates, and tetrasubstituted imidazoles.
  • Alumina supported perchloric acid (Al2O3-HClO4), which is used as a catalyst in the synthesis of α-(α-amidobenzyl)-β-naphthols.
  • Fe3O4@SiO2-HClO4 catalyst, which is used in the synthesis of 1,4-dihydropyridine derivatives.

Perchloric acid can be used as:      
  •   A reaction medium in oxidation reactions.       
  • A reagent for the preparation of fluorinated polymer electrolytes using poly (vinylidenefluoride-cohexafluoropropylene) (PVDF-HFP) for fuel cell applications.        
  • A dopant in the preparation of perchloric acid-functionalized polyaniline (HClO4/PANI) catalyst for the synthesis of 2-substituted benzothiazoles by condensation reaction between o-aminothiophenol with aldehydes.

Packaging

50, 250 mL in glass bottle
1 L in glass bottle

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Met. Corr. 1 - Ox. Liq. 1 - Skin Corr. 1A - STOT RE 2

Target Organs

Thyroid

Storage Class Code

5.1A - Strongly oxidizing hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 1

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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