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Guanidine hydrochloride

for molecular biology, ≥99%

Aminoformamidine hydrochloride, Aminomethanamidine hydrochloride, Guanidinium chloride
Linear Formula:
NH2C(=NH)NH2 · HCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

biological source

synthetic (organic)

Quality Level


for molecular biology




crystalline powder


RNA extraction: suitable


≤0.3% water (Karl Fischer)




(25 °C, 4.6 - 6/573 g/L)


180-185 °C (lit.)


H2O: 6 M, clear, colorless


1.3 g/cm3 (lit.)

cation traces

Pb: ≤5 ppm

UV absorption

λ: 260 nm Amax: ≤0.10
λ: 290 nm Amax: ≤0.05

foreign activity

DNase, RNase, none detected

SMILES string




InChI key


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Guanidine hydrochloride has been used:
  • as a component of the extraction buffer for the extraction of proteoglycans
  • in extraction during protein fractionation of ATDC5 cell lines
  • as a chemical additive to study its effective absorbance spectra in structural analysis
  • to incubate the device chip to release prostate-specific antigen and for regeneration of aptamer
  • as a component of the 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH) solution for detecting protein carbonyls by protein carbonylation study
  • in RNA isolation to dissociate nucleoproteins and inhibit RNase
Strong chaotropic agent useful for the denaturation and subsequent refolding of proteins. This strong denaturant can solubilize insoluble or denatured proteins such as inclusion bodies. This can be used as the first step in refolding proteins or enzymes into their active form. Urea and dithiothreitol (DTT) may also be necessary.


1, 2 kg in poly bottle
100, 500 g in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Guanidine hydrochloride (GuHCl) is a small hydroscopic molecule. It plays a role in inhibiting heat shock protein 104 (Hsp104) adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) activity in vivo. It is a potent denaturant and inactivator of several enzymes and proteins. GuHCl can inactivate aminoacylase and papain. It is involved in unfolding and inactivation of alkaline phosphatase in Haliotis diversicolor. At higher concentrations, GuHCl is involved in virus inactivation such as Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1).


May agglomerate upon storage. The quality of the product does not appear to be affected and solutions prepared from the free-flowing and lumpy guanidine hydrochloride appear identical.

Preparation Note

In order to make an 8M solution in water, one must heat the solution to 35 °C for approximately 30 minutes.
The maximum solubility of guanidine hydrochloride in water at room temperature is approximately 6M.


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Signal Word


Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Irrit. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids



Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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Ira Alexandra Iosub et al.
eLife, 9 (2020-05-02)
By shaping gene expression profiles, small RNAs (sRNAs) enable bacteria to efficiently adapt to changes in their environment. To better understand how Escherichia coli acclimatizes to nutrient availability, we performed UV cross-linking, ligation and sequencing of hybrids (CLASH) to uncover
Courtney R Johnson et al.
eLife, 9 (2020-01-29)
Septin proteins evolved from ancestral GTPases and co-assemble into hetero-oligomers and cytoskeletal filaments. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, five septins comprise two species of hetero-octamers, Cdc11/Shs1-Cdc12-Cdc3-Cdc10-Cdc10-Cdc3-Cdc12-Cdc11/Shs1. Slow GTPase activity by Cdc12 directs the choice of incorporation of Cdc11 vs Shs1, but many
Sang Su Kwak et al.
Nature communications, 11(1), 1377-1377 (2020-03-15)
The relationship between amyloid-β (Aβ) species and tau pathology in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is not fully understood. Here, we provide direct evidence that Aβ42/40 ratio, not total Aβ level, plays a critical role in inducing neurofibrillary tangles (NTFs) in human
Armando M De Palma et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 53(5), 1850-1857 (2009-02-25)
A novel compound, TTP-8307, was identified as a potent inhibitor of the replication of several rhino- and enteroviruses. TTP-8307 inhibits viral RNA synthesis in a dose-dependent manner, without affecting polyprotein synthesis and/or processing. Drug-resistant variants of coxsackievirus B3 were all

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