T0625

Sigma-Aldrich

Taurine

≥99%

Synonym(s):
2-Aminoethanesulfonic acid
Linear Formula:
NH2CH2CH2SO3H
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
125.15
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1751215
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.32

Quality Level

biological source

synthetic

assay

≥99%

form

powder

application(s)

cell analysis: suitable

color

white

mp

>300 °C (lit.)

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

NCCS(O)(=O)=O

InChI

1S/C2H7NO3S/c3-1-2-7(4,5)6/h1-3H2,(H,4,5,6)

InChI key

XOAAWQZATWQOTB-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

human ... GRIN1(2902)
rat ... Ppm1a(24666)

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General description

Taurine (2-aminoethanesulphonic acid) is predominantly found in the retina and heart and is also found in the brain, intestine, skeletal muscles and kidneys.

Application

Taurine has been used for the isolation and growth of taurine-utilizing purple non-sulfur bacteria and in phototrophic growth experiments.

Packaging

10 mg in poly bottle
1 kg in poly bottle
10, 25, 100, 500 g in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Non-selective endogenous agonist at glycine receptors. Conditionally essential sulfonated amino acid which modulates apoptosis in some cells; functions in many metabolic activities; a product of methionine and cysteine metabolism.
Taurine modulates the concentration of intracellular calcium, protects against ischemia-reperfusion injury and possesses blood pressure-lowering properties. It also has a role in bile formation and fat digestion. Deficiency of taurine is associated with anxiety, hyperactivity, epilepsy and depression.

Features and Benefits

This compound is also offered as part of Sigma′s Library of Pharmacologically Active Compounds (LOPAC®1280), a biologically annotated collection of high-quality, ready-to-screen compounds. Click here to learn more.

Legal Information

LOPAC is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

storage_class_code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Phototrophic utilization of taurine by the purple nonsulfur bacteria Rhodopseudomonas palustris and Rhodobacter sphaeroides.
Novak RT
Microbiology, 150(Pt 6), 1881-1891 (2004)
The potential health benefits of taurine in cardiovascular disease.
Xu YJ
Experimental and Clinical Cardiology, 13(2), 57-65 (2008)
M Axelson et al.
Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.), 31(6), 1305-1312 (2000-05-29)
The biosynthesis of bile acids by primary cultures of normal human hepatocytes has been investigated. A general and sensitive method for the isolation and analysis of sterols and bile acids was used, based on anion exchange chromatography and gas chromatography-mass...
Deniz Tasdemir et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 15(21), 6834-6845 (2007-09-04)
The type II fatty acid pathway (FAS-II) is a validated target for antimicrobial drug discovery. An activity-guided isolation procedure based on Plasmodium falciparum enoyl-ACP reductase (PfFabI) enzyme inhibition assay on the n-hexane-, the CHCl(3-) and the aq MeOH extracts of...
Felizia K Voss et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6184), 634-638 (2014-05-03)
Regulation of cell volume is critical for many cellular and organismal functions, yet the molecular identity of a key player, the volume-regulated anion channel VRAC, has remained unknown. A genome-wide small interfering RNA screen in mammalian cells identified LRRC8A as...

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