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P5147

Sigma-Aldrich

Protease from Streptomyces griseus

Type XIV, ≥3.5 units/mg solid, powder

Synonym(s):
Actinase E, Pronase E
CAS Number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
32160410

biological source

Streptomyces griseus

Quality Level

type

Type XIV

form

powder

specific activity

≥3.5 units/mg solid

solubility

10 mM NaAc (pH 7.5) and 5 mM CaAc: soluble 0.2 mg/mL at 37 °C, clear, colorless to tan

shipped in

wet ice

storage temp.

−20°C

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Specificity

A mixture of at least three proteolytic activities including an extracellular serine protease. In general, serine proteases display a wide range of substrate specificities, which are believed to be mediated by an active site composed of one Asp, one His, and a Ser residue in the molecule. This enzyme prefers to hydrolyze peptide bonds on the carboxyl side of glutamic or aspartic acid.

Application

Protease from Streptomyces griseus has been used:
  • for the digestion of nucleus pulposus (NP) tissue
[06]
  • in the catalysis of asymmetric one pot Mannich reaction
  • [07]
  • for deproteinization of starch
  • [77]
  • digestion of brain slices for the cell dissociation
  • [10]
    Protease is an enzyme used to break down proteins by hydrolyzing peptide bonds. Protease is used to degrade proteins, to study protease inhibitors and to study thermal inactivation kinetics. Protease is used in nucleic acid isolation procedures in incubations. Protease from Streptomyces griseus has been used in crystallographic and kinetic investigations of the covalent complex formed by tetrapeptide aldehydes and serine proteases[76].
    Protease is typically used in nucleic acid isolation procedures in incubations of 0.5-3.0 hours supplemented with 0.2% sodium dodecyl sulfate and 10 mM EDTA.
    The enzyme from Sigma has been used for the digestion and analysis of antithrombin-heparin complexes.[78] It has also been used for the isolation of enzyme-resistant starch.[79]
    This enzyme is more active at a higher pH range than the known alkaline protease, showing the proteolytic activity even in 0.2N NaOH solution. This enzyme is useful for proteolysis of insoluble protein and for structure investigation of protein.

    Packaging

    100 mg in glass bottle
    1, 5 g in glass bottle

    Biochem/physiol Actions

    Protease catabolizes proteins by hydrolysis of peptide bonds. Proteases are inactivated by serine active-site inhibitors, such as phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride (PMSF) and diisopropylfluorophosphate. Protease from Streptomyces griseus is a mixture of at least three proteolytic activities including an extracellular serine protease. Serine proteases display a wide range of substrate specificities, which are believed to be mediated by an active site composed of one Asp, one His, and a Ser residue in the molecule. This enzyme prefers to hydrolyze peptide bonds on the carboxyl side of glutamic or aspartic acid.
    This product is a mixture of at least three caseinolytic activities and one aminopeptidase activity.[80] The caseinolytic enzymes were named as Streptomyces griseus Protease A, Streptomyces griseus Protease B and Streptomyces griseus Trypsin. This product may be used when extensive or complete degradation of protein is required. This protease mixture is highly nonspecific and can digest casein to the extent of >70% as mono-amino acids.

    Features and Benefits

    • highly stable in pH range of 5.0 to 9.0, with peak activity at pH 8.8
    • compatible with many DNA and RNA isolation buffers
    • broad substrate specificity

    Quality

    Contains calcium acetate.

    Physical properties

    Completely inactivated by heating above 80 °C for 15-20 minutes.

    Unit Definition

    One unit will hydrolyze casein to produce color equivalent to 1.0 μmole (181 μg) of tyrosine per min at pH 7.5 at 37 °C (color by Folin-Ciocalteu reagent).

    Preparation Note

    Collected from culture broth of S. griseus.

    Pictograms

    Exclamation markHealth hazard

    Signal Word

    Danger

    Hazard Statements

    Precautionary Statements

    Hazard Classifications

    Eye Irrit. 2 - Resp. Sens. 1 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

    Target Organs

    Respiratory system

    Storage Class Code

    11 - Combustible Solids

    WGK

    WGK 2

    Flash Point(F)

    Not applicable

    Flash Point(C)

    Not applicable

    Personal Protective Equipment

    dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

    Certificate of Analysis

    Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

    Certificate of Origin

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    Product Information Sheet

    Technical Information

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