MilliporeSigma
All Photos(3)

M2028

Sigma-Aldrich

Capsaicin

≥95%, from Capsicum sp.

Synonym(s):
8-Methyl-N-vanillyl-trans-6-nonenamide
Linear Formula:
(CH3)2CHCH=CH(CH2)4CONHCH2C6H3-4-(OH)-3-(OCH3)
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
305.41
Beilstein:
2816484
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

biological source

Capsicum sp.

assay

≥95%

mp

62-65 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: insoluble
ethanol: soluble

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

COc1cc(CNC(=O)CCCC\C=C\C(C)C)ccc1O

InChI

1S/C18H27NO3/c1-14(2)8-6-4-5-7-9-18(21)19-13-15-10-11-16(20)17(12-15)22-3/h6,8,10-12,14,20H,4-5,7,9,13H2,1-3H3,(H,19,21)/b8-6+

InChI key

YKPUWZUDDOIDPM-SOFGYWHQSA-N

Gene Information

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Application

Capsaicin has been used:
  • to study its effects on chromatin remodeling and gene expression related to synaptic plasticity
  • to study TRPV1 channel signaling in H2C1 cells (which are human embryonic kidney 293 cells expressing TRPV1 channels)

Packaging

1 g in glass bottle
250 mg in glass bottle
50 mg in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Prototype vanilloid receptor agonist. Neurotoxin; activates sensory neurons that give rise to unmyelinated C-fibers, many of which contain substance P. Topical application desensitizes the sensory nerve endings giving a paradoxical antinociceptive effect; systemic administration can be neurotoxic to capsaicin-sensitive cells, especially in newborn animals. Active component of chili peppers.

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 2 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Resp. Sens. 1 - Skin Irrit. 2 - Skin Sens. 1 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

235.4 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

113 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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Capsaicin upregulates HDAC2 via TRPV1 and impairs neuronal maturation in mice.
Wang S, et al.
Experimental & Molecular Medicine, 50(3), e455-e455 (2018)
Stimulation of TRPV1 channels activates the AP-1 transcription factor.
Backes TM, et al.
Biochemical Pharmacology, 150(3), 160-169 (2018)
Amol M Patwardhan et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(44), 18820-18824 (2009-10-22)
Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) plays a major role in hyperalgesia and allodynia and is expressed both in the peripheral and central nervous systems (CNS). However, few studies have evaluated mechanisms by which CNS TRPV1 mediates hyperalgesia and allodynia
Shao-Gang Lu et al.
Pain, 151(3), 633-643 (2010-10-05)
The impact of persistent inflammation on voltage-activated Ca(2+) channels in cutaneous DRG neurons from adult rats was assessed with whole cell patch clamp techniques, sqRT-PCR and Western blot analysis. Inflammation was induced with a subcutaneous injection of complete Freund's adjuvant
Jennifer Leech et al.
American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 188(9), 1069-1075 (2013-10-08)
Antitussive therapies are accompanied by a substantial placebo effect, indicating that inhibitory circuits in the brain have a significant capacity to regulate cough neural processing. However, essentially nothing is known about the identity of these inhibitory circuits or how they

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