G5146

Sigma-Aldrich

D-(+)-Glucose

Hybri-Max, powder, BioReagent, suitable for hybridoma

Synonym(s):
Dextrose
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C6H12O6
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
180.16
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1724615
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.75

Quality Level

biological source

maize

grade

Hybri-Max

product line

BioReagent

assay

≥99.5%

form

powder

application(s)

cell culture | hybridoma: suitable

impurities

endotoxin, tested

mp

150-152 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: 2g + 15 mL, clear, colorless

SMILES string

OC[C@H]1O[C@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@@H]1O

InChI

1S/C6H12O6/c7-1-2-3(8)4(9)5(10)6(11)12-2/h2-11H,1H2/t2-,3-,4+,5-,6+/m1/s1

InChI key

WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-DVKNGEFBSA-N

Gene Information

human ... PYGM(5837)

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General description

Glycogen phosphorylase (PYG) exists as brain and muscle isoform. It is expressed in astrocytes and neurons respectively. The PYGM gene is mapped to human chromosome 11q13.1.

Application

D-(+)-Glucose has been used in cell engineering. It has also been used to perform oral glucose tolerance test.

Packaging

1 kg in poly bottle
10 kg in poly drum

Biochem/physiol Actions

Glycogen phosphorylase, muscle associated (PYGM), is an important contributor to glycogenolysis. Down regulation of PYGM gene is observed in schizophrenia. Mutation in PYGM leads to McArdle disease, a glycogen storage disorder. The PYGM gene is significantly associated with energy production.

Legal Information

Hybri-Max is a trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

storage_class_code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Novel variant in the PYGM gene causing late-onset limb-girdle myopathy, ptosis, and camptocormia
Cheraud C, et al.
Muscle and Nerve, 57(1), 157-160 (2018)
The glial phosphorylase of glycogen isoform is reduced in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in chronic schizophrenia
Pinacho R, et al.
Schizophrenia Research, 177(1-3), 37-43 (2016)
Genetic evaluation of AMPD1, CPT2, and PGYM metabolic enzymes in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome
Maltese PE, et al.
Genetics and molecular research : GMR, 15(3), 1-10 (2016)
CDKN1C/p57 kip2 is a candidate tumor suppressor gene in human breast cancer
Larson PS, et al.
BMC Cancer, 8(1), 68-68 (2008)
Electrical vs manual acupuncture stimulation in a rat model of polycystic ovary syndrome: different effects on muscle and fat tissue insulin signaling
Johansson J, et al.
PLoS ONE, 8(1) (2013)
Articles
We presents an article about the Warburg effect, and how it is the enhanced conversion of glucose to lactate observed in tumor cells, even in the presence of normal levels of oxygen. Otto Heinrich Warburg demonstrated in 1924 that cancer cells show an increased dependence on glycolysis to meet their energy needs, regardless of whether they were well-oxygenated or not.
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