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G2044

Sigma-Aldrich

Glucagon

synthetic, powder, suitable for cell culture

Synonym(s):
GlucaGen, Glucagon peptide
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C153H225N43O49S
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
3482.75
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

biological source

synthetic

Quality Level

assay

≥95% (HPLC)

form

powder

potency

0.3-10 μg/mL

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

solubility

0.05 M acetic acid: 1 mg/mL, clear, colorless

shipped in

wet ice

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

Cl[H].[H]N[C@@H](Cc1cnc[nH]1)C(=O)N[C@@H](CO)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(N)=O)C(=O)NCC(=O)N[C@@H](C(C)O)C(=O)N[C@@H](Cc2ccccc2)C(=O)N[C@@H](C(C)O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CO)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(O)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](Cc3ccc(O)cc3)C(=O)N[C@@H](CO)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCCCN)C(=O)N[C@@H](Cc4ccc(O)cc4)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(O)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CO)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCCNC(N)=N)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCCNC(N)=N)C(=O)N[C@@H](C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(N)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(O)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](Cc5ccccc5)C(=O)N[C@@H](C(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(N)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](Cc6c[nH]c7ccccc67)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCSC)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(N)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](C(C)O)C(O)=O

InChI

1S/C153H225N43O49S.ClH/c1-72(2)52-97(133(226)176-96(47-51-246-11)132(225)184-104(60-115(159)209)143(236)196-123(78(10)203)151(244)245)179-137(230)103(58-83-64-167-89-29-19-18-28-87(83)89)183-131(224)95(43-46-114(158)208)177-148(241)120(74(5)6)194-141(234)101(54-79-24-14-12-15-25-79)182-138(231)105(61-117(211)212)185-130(223)94(42-45-113(157)207)171-124(217)75(7)170-127(220)91(31-22-49-165-152(160)161)172-128(221)92(32-23-50-166-153(162)163)174-146(239)110(69-199)191-140(233)107(63-119(215)216)186-134(227)98(53-73(3)4)178-135(228)99(56-81-33-37-85(204)38-34-81)180-129(222)90(30-20-21-48-154)173-145(238)109(68-198)190-136(229)100(57-82-35-39-86(205)40-36-82)181-139(232)106(62-118(213)214)187-147(240)111(70-200)192-150(243)122(77(9)202)195-142(235)102(55-80-26-16-13-17-27-80)188-149(242)121(76(8)201)193-116(210)66-168-126(219)93(41-44-112(156)206)175-144(237)108(67-197)189-125(218)88(155)59-84-65-164-71-169-84;/h12-19,24-29,33-40,64-65,71-78,88,90-111,120-123,167,197-205H,20-23,30-32,41-63,66-70,154-155H2,1-11H3,(H2,156,206)(H2,157,207)(H2,158,208)(H2,159,209)(H,164,169)(H,168,219)(H,170,220)(H,171,217)(H,172,221)(H,173,238)(H,174,239)(H,175,237)(H,176,226)(H,177,241)(H,178,228)(H,179,230)(H,180,222)(H,181,232)(H,182,231)(H,183,224)(H,184,225)(H,185,223)(H,186,227)(H,187,240)(H,188,242)(H,189,218)(H,190,229)(H,191,233)(H,192,243)(H,193,210)(H,194,234)(H,195,235)(H,196,236)(H,211,212)(H,213,214)(H,215,216)(H,244,245)(H4,160,161,165)(H4,162,163,166);1H/t75-,76+,77+,78+,88-,90-,91-,92-,93-,94-,95-,96-,97-,98-,99-,100-,101-,102-,103-,104-,105-,106-,107-,108-,109-,110-,111-,120-,121-,122-,123-;/m0./s1

InChI key

RKGLLHCSSVJTAN-YYICOITRSA-N

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Amino Acid Sequence

His-Ser-Gln-Gly-Thr-Phe-Thr-Ser-Asp-Tyr-Ser-Lys-Tyr-Leu-Asp-Ser-Arg-Arg-Ala-Gln-Asp-Phe-Val-Gln-Trp-Leu-Met-Asn-Thr

General description

Glucagon is a peptide hormone of 29 amino acids secreted by alpha cells in the pancreas. Its release is controlled by hypothalamus when glucose levels in the blood decreases.[36] The C-terminal region of glucagon is crucial for receptor binding.[39]

Application

Glucagon has been used:
  • in the stimulation of human primary hepatocytes for cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) production
[41]
  • for measuring glucagon response in mice
  • [42]
  • to induce gluconeogenic stimuli in primary hepatocytes
  • [43]

    Packaging

    1, 5, 25 mg in glass bottle

    Biochem/physiol Actions

    Glucagon functions to elevate glucose by activating GCGR in liver mediating the glucose circulation in blood.[93] The hyperglucagonemia elevated levels of glucagon is observed in diabetes[36] and in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, post gastric bypass surgery and glucagon based tumors.[40]

    Components

    H-His-Ser-Gln-Gly-Thr-Phe-Thr-Ser-Asp-Tyr-Ser-Lys-Tyr-Leu-Asp-Ser-Arg-Arg-Ala-Gln-Asp-Phe-Val-Gln-Trp-Leu-Met-Asn-Thr-OH.xHCl

    Other Notes

    This product is a chemically synthesized glucagon qualified for use in cell culture applications.

    Physical form

    powder-0 °C; stock-frozen in working aliquots, avoid repeated freeze/thaw

    Storage Class Code

    13 - Non Combustible Solids

    WGK

    WGK 3

    Flash Point(F)

    Not applicable

    Flash Point(C)

    Not applicable

    Personal Protective Equipment

    dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

    Certificate of Analysis

    Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

    Certificate of Origin

    Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

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