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E2257

Sigma-Aldrich

β-Estradiol

powder, γ-irradiated, suitable for cell culture

Synonym(s):
17β-Estradiol, 3,17β-Dihydroxy-1,3,5(10)-estratriene, 1,3,5-Estratriene-3,17β-diol, Dihydrofolliculin
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C18H24O2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
272.38
Beilstein:
1914275
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level

biological source

synthetic (organic)

sterility

γ-irradiated

product line

BioXtra

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

form

powder

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

mp

176-180 °C (lit.)

solubility

ethanol: 1 mg/mL, clear, colorless to very faintly yellow

suitability

suitable for

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

O[C@H]1CC[C@@]2([H])[C@]3([H])CCC4=CC(O)=CC=C4[C@@]3([H])CC[C@@]21C

InChI

1S/C18H24O2/c1-18-9-8-14-13-5-3-12(19)10-11(13)2-4-15(14)16(18)6-7-17(18)20/h3,5,10,14-17,19-20H,2,4,6-9H2,1H3/t14-,15-,16+,17+,18+/m1/s1

InChI key

VOXZDWNPVJITMN-ZBRFXRBCSA-N

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General description

β-estradiol is a natural human estrogen. It is important for the growth of breast and reproductive epithelia, maturation of long bones and the development of secondary sexual characteristics. Estradiol is produced by immature germ cells, spermatozoa, Leydig cells and Sertoli cells. It plays a crucial role in proliferation, regulation of ion transport and regulation of apoptosis in Sertoli cells. Estradiol regulates sperm concentration, motility and morphology. β-estradiol functions as a menopausal hormone. It is implicated in replacement therapy for female hypogonadism or primary ovarian failure. Reduced levels of β-estradiol are associated with heart disease and osteoporosis.

Application

β-Estradiol is used to study cell differentiation and transformations (tumorigenicity).
β-estradiol has been used:
  • for primary culture of mouse endometrial stromal cells (ESCs)
  • for estrogen treatment in vitro
  • in the in vitro maturation of cumulus–oocyte complexes (COCs)

Biochem/physiol Actions

The major estrogen secreted by the premenopausal ovary. Estrogens direct the development of the female phenotype in embryogenesis and during puberty by regulating gene transcription and, thus, protein synthesis. It also induces the production of gonadotropins which, in turn, induce ovulation. Exposure to estradiol increases breast cancer incidence and proliferation.

Physical form

powder-RT; stock-frozen in working aliquots, avoid repeated freeze/thaw

Reconstitution

To prepare 20 μg/ml stock solution: add 1 ml absolute ethanol; gently swirl to dissolve; add 49 ml sterile medium while mixing.

Pictograms

Health hazardEnvironment

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Aquatic Chronic 1 - Carc. 2 - Lact. - Repr. 1A

Storage Class Code

6.1D - Non-combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic hazardous materials or hazardous materials causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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