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1,1-Dimethyl-4-phenylpiperazinium iodide

≥98% (TLC or titration)

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CAS Number:
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EC Number:
MDL number:
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Quality Level


≥98% (TLC or titration)




234-238 °C (lit.)


H2O: 21 mg/mL

storage temp.


SMILES string




InChI key


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1,1-Dimethyl-4-phenylpiperazinium iodide (DMPP) has been used as a non-selective nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAchR) agonist:
  • to study the roles of α7 and α4β2 nAchRs in autonomic regulation of cardiovascular responses in urethane-anesthetized mice
  • to study the mechanism involved in improving glucose tolerance in diet-induced obese (DIO) mice treated with DMPP
  • to study its pharmacological effect on enteric viscerofugal neurons in the myenteric plexus of guinea-pig colon


1, 10 g in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

1,1-Dimethyl-4-phenylpiperazinium iodide (DMPP) is a non-selective nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAchR) agonist. It acts as a stimulating agent for sympathetic ganglia. DMPP exhibits specific action on ganglia and adrenal medullary tissue hence, it finds its application in the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma.

Features and Benefits

This compound is featured on the Acetylcholine Receptors (Nicotinic) page of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids



Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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E S Vizi et al.
Brain research. Brain research reviews, 30(3), 219-235 (1999-11-24)
Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) belong to a family of ligand-gated channels closely related to but distinct from the muscle nAChRs. Recent progress in neurochemical and pharmacological methods supports the hypothesis of presynaptically located nAChRs on axon terminals and indicates
D Manetti et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 7(3), 457-465 (1999-04-29)
A series of piperazine derivatives, obtained by hybridization of N1-acetyl-N4-dimethyl-piperazinium iodide (1, ADMP) and N1-phenyl-N4-dimethyl-piperazinium iodide (3, DMPP) or of the corresponding tertiary bases (2, 4) with arecoline (5) and arecolone (6) or by isosteric substitution of the phenyl ring
J J Galligan
The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 291(1), 92-98 (1999-09-22)
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) localized to excitatory longitudinal muscle motoneurons were studied in segments of guinea pig ileum maintained in vitro. Longitudinal muscle contractions caused by the nAChRs agonists, dimethylphenylpiperazinium (DMPP), nicotine, and cytisine were measured using isometric strain gauge
Anne-Françoise Ruaud et al.
Genetics, 187(1), 337-343 (2010-10-15)
Identified as a major pathway controlling entry in the facultative dauer diapause stage, the DAF-2/Insulin receptor (InsR) signaling acts in multiple developmental and physiological regulation events in Caenorhabditis elegans. Here we identified a role of the insulin-like pathway in controlling
Taisuke Nakazawa et al.
Vascular pharmacology, 49(2-3), 77-83 (2008-07-01)
We investigated the effects of epinephrine and dopamine on retinal blood vessels in streptozotocin (STZ, 80 mg/kg, i.p.)-treated rats and age-matched control rats to determine whether diabetes mellitus alters the retinal vascular responses to circulating catecholamines. Experiments were performed 6-8

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