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D1756

Sigma-Aldrich

Dexamethasone

≥98% (HPLC), powder

Synonym(s):
(11β,16α)-9-Fluoro-11,17,21-trihydroxy-16-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione, 9α-Fluoro-16α-methyl-11β,17α,21-trihydroxy-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione, 9α-Fluoro-16α-methylprednisolone, Prednisolone F
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C22H29FO5
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
392.46
Beilstein:
2066651
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

form

powder

color

off-white

mp

262-264 °C (lit.)

solubility

methanol: 25 mg/mL

originator

Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, U.S.

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

C[C@@H]1C[C@H]2[C@@H]3CCC4=CC(=O)C=C[C@]4(C)[C@@]3(F)[C@@H](O)C[C@]2(C)[C@@]1(O)C(=O)CO

InChI

1S/C22H29FO5/c1-12-8-16-15-5-4-13-9-14(25)6-7-19(13,2)21(15,23)17(26)10-20(16,3)22(12,28)18(27)11-24/h6-7,9,12,15-17,24,26,28H,4-5,8,10-11H2,1-3H3/t12-,15+,16+,17+,19+,20+,21+,22+/m1/s1

InChI key

UREBDLICKHMUKA-CXSFZGCWSA-N

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Application

Dexamethasone has been used:
  • in culture media to induce differentiation of adipose-derived stem cells into osteogenic tissue
  • as a component of adipocyte differentiation medium
  • for in vitro stimulation of primary normal human bronchial epithelial cells (NHBE) and airway smooth muscle (ASM)

Packaging

25, 100, 500 mg in glass bottle
1, 5 g in glass bottle
Bottomless glass bottle. Contents are inside inserted fused cone.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Dexamethasone is known to be effective against relapsed multiple myeloma. It is found to decrease inflammation associated with cerebrospinal fluid and central nervous system (CNS) complications, such as hearing loss.
Glucocorticoid anti-inflammatory agent. Regulates T cell survival, growth, and differentiation. Inhibits the induction of nitric oxide synthase.

Features and Benefits

This compound is featured on the Nuclear Receptors (Steroids) page of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.
This compound was developed by Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, U.S.. To browse the list of other pharma-developed compounds and Approved Drugs/Drug Candidates, click here.

Reconstitution

Dilute 1 mg/ml stock solution 1:50 with sterile media and store frozen in working aliquots to avoid repeated freeze-thaw.

Pictograms

Health hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Repr. 1B

Storage Class Code

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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