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C9758

Sigma-Aldrich

L-Canavanine sulfate salt

≥99% (TLC), powder

Synonym(s):
L-α-Amino-γ-(guanidinooxy)butyric acid sulfate salt
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C5H12N4O3 · H2SO4
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
274.25
Beilstein:
6121291
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.32

Quality Level

biological source

plant seeds (Jack bean )

assay

≥99% (TLC)

form

powder

color

white

mp

160-165 °C (dec.)

solubility

H2O: 100 mg/mL

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

OS(O)(=O)=O.N[C@@H](CCONC(N)=N)C(O)=O

InChI

1S/C5H12N4O3.H2O4S/c6-3(4(10)11)1-2-12-9-5(7)8;1-5(2,3)4/h3H,1-2,6H2,(H,10,11)(H4,7,8,9);(H2,1,2,3,4)/t3-;/m0./s1

InChI key

MVIPJKVMOKFIEV-DFWYDOINSA-N

Gene Information

human ... NOS2(4843)

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General description

Canavanine is a homolog of arginine and a non-protein amino acid. It is present in plants like alfalfa, cloves, beans onions and sprouts. Canavanine is synthesized from L-canavaninosuccinic acid and the biosynthetic pathway was first elucidated in jack bean plant.

Application

Canavanine sulfate salt has been used:
  • as a translation inhibitor in yeast translation studies
  • as a component of synthetic complete (SC) drop-out medium for screening yeast
  • for screening Saccharomyces cerevisiae in canavanine mutation frequency assay

Packaging

1, 5 g in poly bottle
100, 250 mg in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Canavanine is a naturally occurring L-amino acid that competes and interferes with L-arginine-utilizing enzymes due to its structural similarity with this L-amino acid. It is a selective inhibitor of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). It acts as a substrate for arginyl tRNA and is incorporated during protein synthesis leading to aberrant canavanyl proteins. Supplementation with canavanine worsens the alfalfa induced Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) like syndrome and its incorporation with endosome and proteasome disrupts the antigen processing.
Naturally occurring L-amino acid that interferes with L-arginine-utilizing enzymes due to its structural similarity with this L-amino acid. It is a selective inhibitor of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS).

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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