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Ala-Tyr-Pro-Gly-Lys-Phe-NH2 trifluoroacetate salt

≥98% (HPLC), lyophilized powder

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C34H48N8O7 · xC2HF3O2
Molecular Weight:
680.79 (free base basis)
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level


≥98% (HPLC)


lyophilized powder




H2O: >10 mg/mL

storage temp.


SMILES string




InChI key


Amino Acid Sequence


General description

Ala-Tyr-Pro-Gly-Lys-Phe-NH2 (AYPGKF- NH2) is a selective, specific proteinase-activated receptor 4 (PAR4) agonist peptide. PAR4 is a G-protein-coupled receptor that is expressed on the surface of human platelets and is involved in the thrombin signaling pathway. Cleavage of PAR4 by the protease thrombin stimulates the receptor and results in signaling of platelet aggregation.


4-Androsten-11β-ol-3,17-dione has been used in platelet aggregation.
AYPGKF- NH2 may be used for probing PAR4 signaling in culture systems and in platelets.


1 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

AYPGK is a ligand for the PAR4 receptor; binding results in activation of PAR4. AYPGK stimulates platelet aggregation in vitro (EC50 =15 μM) via PAR4. In human platelets treated with the PAR4 agonist, AYPGKF stimulates the production of thromboxane, a potent agent for platelet-aggregation. Additionally, AYPGKF mediates the thrombin-induced release of endostatin from rat platelets.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids



Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Hongyao Xu et al.
The American journal of sports medicine, 48(1), 197-209 (2019-11-26)
Meniscal injury is very common, and injured meniscal tissue has a limited healing ability because of poor vascularity. Platelets contain both pro- and anti-angiogenic factors, which can be released by platelet selective activation. Platelets release a high level of vascular
Frederic Lagarrigue et al.
Blood, 136(10), 1180-1190 (2020-06-11)
Ras-related protein 1 (Rap1) is a major convergence point of the platelet-signaling pathways that result in talin-1 binding to the integrin β cytoplasmic domain and consequent integrin activation, platelet aggregation, and effective hemostasis. The nature of the connection between Rap1
Seema Bhatlekar et al.
Haematologica, 104(10), 2075-2083 (2019-02-09)
Apoptosis is a recognized limitation to generating large numbers of megakaryocytes in culture. The genes responsible have been rigorously studied in vivo in mice, but are poorly characterized in human culture systems. As CD34-positive (+) cells isolated from human umbilical
Absence of Pear1 does not affect murine platelet function in vivo
Criel M, et al.
Thrombosis Research, 146, 76-83 (2016)
T Hiratsuka et al.
Journal of thrombosis and haemostasis : JTH, 15(7), 1487-1499 (2017-04-30)
Essentials Spatiotemporal regulation of protein kinases during thrombus formation remains elusive in vivo. Activities of protein kinases were live imaged in mouse platelets at laser-ablated arterioles. Protein kinase A was activated in the dislodging platelets at the downstream side of

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