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PAR-4 agonist AYPGKF stimulates thromboxane production by human platelets.

Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology (2002-05-15)
Ruth Ann Henriksen, Vallere K Hanks

Previous reports have indicated that thrombin-induced thromboxane production by human platelets occurs through two types of interaction between thrombin and the platelet surface. One of these interactions is with protease activated receptor(PAR)-1, the first identified thrombin receptor. These studies were undertaken to determine whether stimulation of PAR-4 also results in thromboxane production. The results show that treatment of washed human platelets with the PAR-4 agonist AYPGKF stimulates a maximum of 40% to 60% of the thromboxane produced by 100 nmol/L thrombin. Maximal thromboxane production requires approximately 1.0 mmol/L AYPGKF, despite the observation that maximal aggregation is produced by 45 micromol/L AYPGKF. Thromboxane produced by the combined stimulation of PAR-1 and PAR-4 is additive. Pretreatment of platelets with 45 micromol/L AYPGKF partially desensitizes thromboxane production in response to higher concentrations of AYPGKF and thrombin but not to stimulation by SFLLRN. PAR-4-induced stimulation is also significantly inhibited by 60 micromol/L genistein. It is concluded that activation through either PAR-1 or PAR-4 results in thromboxane production, but that stimulation of neither receptor alone produces thromboxane equivalent to that produced by 100 nmol/L thrombin. Thus, these findings demonstrate the presence of two pathways for thrombin-induced thromboxane production by platelets as proposed previously.

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Ala-Tyr-Pro-Gly-Lys-Phe-NH2 trifluoroacetate salt, ≥98% (HPLC), lyophilized powder