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A2411

Sigma-Aldrich

Amphotericin B from Streptomyces sp.

BioReagent, suitable for cell culture, ~80% (HPLC)

Synonym(s):
Fungizone
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C47H73NO17
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
924.08
Beilstein:
78342
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.76

Quality Level

biological source

Streptomyces sp.

product line

BioReagent

assay

~80% (HPLC)

form

solid

potency

>750.00 μg per mg (Dry basis)

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

color

yellow to yellow-orange

solubility

H2O: slightly soluble

antibiotic activity spectrum

fungi
yeast

Mode of action

cell membrane | interferes

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

C[C@H]1O[C@@H](O[C@@H]2C[C@@H]3O[C@](O)(C[C@@H](O)C[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)CC[C@@H](O)C[C@@H](O)CC(=O)O[C@@H](C)[C@H](C)[C@H](O)[C@@H](C)\C=C\C=C\C=C\C=C\C=C\C=C\C=C\2)C[C@H](O)[C@H]3C(O)=O)[C@@H](O)[C@@H](N)[C@@H]1O

InChI

1S/C47H73NO17/c1-27-17-15-13-11-9-7-5-6-8-10-12-14-16-18-34(64-46-44(58)41(48)43(57)30(4)63-46)24-38-40(45(59)60)37(54)26-47(61,65-38)25-33(51)22-36(53)35(52)20-19-31(49)21-32(50)23-39(55)62-29(3)28(2)42(27)56/h5-18,27-38,40-44,46,49-54,56-58,61H,19-26,48H2,1-4H3,(H,59,60)/b6-5+,9-7+,10-8+,13-11+,14-12+,17-15+,18-16+/t27-,28-,29-,30+,31+,32+,33-,34-,35+,36+,37-,38-,40+,41-,42+,43+,44-,46-,47+/m0/s1

InChI key

APKFDSVGJQXUKY-INPOYWNPSA-N

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General description

Chemical structure: polyene

Packaging

250 mg in glass bottle
1, 5 g in glass bottle

Application

Amphotericin B is a polyene antifungal antibiotic from Streptomyce sp. It has a high affinity for sterols, especially ergosterols, of both fungal and bacterial cell membranes. Normal usage in maintenance of antifungal cell cultures is 2.5 mg/L with penicillin and streptomycin used in the medium.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Amphotericin B binds to sterols, forming pores in the membrane, and causing small molecules to leak out. The product is most effective against fungi and yeast.

Caution

Amphotericin B remains active for 3 days in culture at 37°C. At -20°C, and with protection from air and light, the product remains active for 5 years.

Preparation Note

Amphotericin B is insoluble in water at pH 6 to 7, but soluble in water at pH 2 or 11. It is soluble in DMSO (30-40 mg/mL) and in dimethylformamide (2-4 mg/mL). Aqueous solutions cannot be sterile filtered due to poor solubility.

Other Notes

Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Product is sensitive to light and moisture.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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