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G1397

Sigma-Aldrich

Gentamicin solution

50 mg/mL in deionized water, liquid, 0.1 μm filtered, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture

Synonym(s):
Gentamicin
CAS Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
42020823
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.76

biological source

microbial

Quality Level

sterility

0.1 μm filtered

product line

BioReagent

form

liquid

potency

50-60 mg per mL

concentration

50 mg/mL in deionized water

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

impurities

endotoxin, tested

color

colorless to light yellow

density

1.000 g/cm3

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-negative bacteria
Gram-positive bacteria
mycoplasma

Mode of action

protein synthesis | interferes

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

OS(O)(=O)=O.CN[C@@H]1[C@@H](O)[C@H](OC[C@]1(C)O)O[C@H]2[C@H](N)C[C@H](N)[C@@H](O[C@H]3O[C@H](CN)CC[C@H]3N)[C@@H]2O.CN[C@@H]4[C@@H](O)[C@H](OC[C@]4(C)O)O[C@H]5[C@H](N)C[C@H](N)[C@@H](O[C@H]6O[C@@H](CC[C@H]6N)[C@@H](C)N)[C@@H]5O.CN[C@H](C)[C@@H]7CC[C@@H](N)[C@H](O7)O[C@@H]8[C@@H](N)C[C@@H](N)[C@H](O[C@H]9OC[C@](C)(O)[C@H](NC)[C@H]9O)[C@H]8O

InChI

1S/C21H43N5O7.C20H41N5O7.C19H39N5O7.H2O4S/c1-9(25-3)13-6-5-10(22)19(31-13)32-16-11(23)7-12(24)17(14(16)27)33-20-15(28)18(26-4)21(2,29)8-30-20;1-8(21)12-5-4-9(22)18(30-12)31-15-10(23)6-11(24)16(13(15)26)32-19-14(27)17(25-3)20(2,28)7-29-19;1-19(27)7-28-18(13(26)16(19)24-2)31-15-11(23)5-10(22)14(12(15)25)30-17-9(21)4-3-8(6-20)29-17;1-5(2,3)4/h9-20,25-29H,5-8,22-24H2,1-4H3;8-19,25-28H,4-7,21-24H2,1-3H3;8-18,24-27H,3-7,20-23H2,1-2H3;(H2,1,2,3,4)/t9-,10-,11+,12-,13+,14+,15-,16-,17+,18-,19-,20-,21+;8-,9-,10+,11-,12+,13+,14-,15-,16+,17-,18-,19-,20+;8-,9+,10-,11+,12-,13+,14+,15-,16+,17+,18+,19-;/m110./s1

InChI key

RDEIXVOBVLKYNT-HDZPSJEVSA-N

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General description

Gentamicin, also known as gentiomycin C, is an aminoglycoside, which is naturally produced by Gram-negative bacteria. This antibiotic functions by preventing protein synthesis.[82] Gentamicin sulfate prevents the growth of both Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, in vivo and in vitro. In tissue culture, gentamicin sulfate is used to inhibit the growth of various strains of mycoplasma.[79]

Application

Gentamicin solution has been used as an antibiotic component in eukaryotic cell culture[37][43][91][75][32][53] and bacterial culture.[82][22][44]
Gentamicin sulfate is a broad-spectrum antibiotic used as a selection agent (gentamicin-resistance gene) in molecular biology and cell culture applications.[14][10] This product is formulated to contain 50 mg/mL Gentamicin in deionized water and is recommended for use in eukaryotic cell culture at a volume of 1 milliliter per liter.
Gentamicin sulfate solution has been used as a component of different types of culture media.
[13]

Biochem/physiol Actions

Gentamicin is recommended for treating sepsis during emergency treatment.[48] It is an alternate to ceftriaxone for treating genital infection.[50]
Mode of Action: Gentamicin inhibits protein synthesis by binding to the 30S subunit of the ribosome.

Antimicrobial spectrum: Includes Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, including strains resistant to tetracycline, chloramphenicol, kanamycin and colistin, particularly strains of Pseudomonas, Proteus, Staphylococcus and Streptococcus.

Components

Gentamicin is an aminoglycoside complex produced by fermentation of Micromonospora purpurea or M. echinospora. It is used as the sulfate salt. There are three components, each consisting of five basic nitrogens and requiresing five equivalents of sulfuric acid per mole of gentamicin base.

Caution

The product is stable at 37° for 5 days and is stored at 2-8°C.

Pictograms

Health hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Resp. Sens. 1 - Skin Sens. 1

Storage Class Code

12 - Non Combustible Liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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