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41639

Sigma-Aldrich

Dimethyl sulfoxide

BioUltra, for molecular biology, ≥99.5% (GC)

Synonym(s):
DMSO
Linear Formula:
(CH3)2SO
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
78.13
Beilstein:
506008
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.25

Quality Level

grade

for molecular biology

vapor density

2.7 (vs air)

vapor pressure

0.42 mmHg ( 20 °C)

product line

BioUltra

assay

≥99.5% (GC)

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

573 °F

expl. lim.

42 %, 63 °F

impurities

Dnases, none detected
RNases, none detected
insoluble matter, passes filter test
phosphatases, none detected
proteases, none detected
≤0.001% free acid (as CH3COOH)

evapn. residue

≤0.005%

color

colorless

refractive index

n20/D 1.479 (lit.)
n20/D 1.479

bp

189 °C (lit.)

mp

16-19 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: miscible (completely)

density

1.10 g/mL (lit.)

cation traces

Al: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Ba: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Bi: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ca: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Cd: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Co: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cr: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cu: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Fe: ≤0.5 mg/kg
K: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Li: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mg: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mn: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Mo: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Na: ≤1 mg/kg
Ni: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Pb: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Sr: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Zn: ≤0.1 mg/kg

SMILES string

CS(C)=O

λ

neat

UV absorption

λ: 280 nm Amax: 0.22

suitability

suitable for molecular biology

InChI

1S/C2H6OS/c1-4(2)3/h1-2H3

InChI key

IAZDPXIOMUYVGZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is an effective aprotic solvent. It is colorless, odorless and hygroscopic in nature. DMSO enhance the permeability of various hydrophilic and lipophilic permeants. It is one of the widely used solvents in the laboratory.

Application

Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) has been used as a vehicle for test compounds in various experimental studies. It has also been used as a solvent during amyloid β (Aβ) aggregation protocol for resolubilization of peptide to maintain its dissociated state.

Caution

Supercools easily and remelts slowly at room temperature. Solidified product can be re-liquified by warming to room temperature without detriment to the product.

Other Notes

Polybrene / DMSO-assisted gene transfer

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

188.6 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

87 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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