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538191

Sigma-Aldrich

Butyraldehyde

≥99.0%, dry

Synonym(s):
Butanal
Linear Formula:
CH3CH2CH2CHO
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
72.11
Beilstein:
506061
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

vapor density

2.5 (vs air)

Quality Level

vapor pressure

90 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.0%

autoignition temp.

390 °F

expl. lim.

12.5 %

impurities

≤0.30% (water)

refractive index

n20/D 1.380 (lit.)

bp

75 °C (lit.)

mp

−96 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: soluble 50 g/L at 20 °C

density

0.8 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

[H]C(=O)CCC

InChI

1S/C4H8O/c1-2-3-4-5/h4H,2-3H2,1H3

InChI key

ZTQSAGDEMFDKMZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Butyraldehyde (n-Butyraldehyde), an aliphatic aldehyde, can be synthesized by dehydrogenation of butanol in the presence of zinc catalyst. It is an important precursor for preparing polyvinylbutyral. The mechanism of pyrolysis of butyraldehyde in the gas-phase has been described. The kinetic study of the condensation reaction between butyraldehyde and poly(vinyl alcohol) indicates retardation effect.

Application

Butyraldehyde (n-Butyraldehyde) may be used in the preparation of 2-ethylhexanal (2EH) via hydrogenation in the presence of tetraamine palladium(II) chloride supported on the potassium ion-exchanged zeolite X (Pd/KXW) and on the potassium ion-added zeolite X (Pd/KXU).

Packaging

100 mL in glass bottle
1, 4 L in glass bottle

Pictograms

FlameExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 2

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

50.0 °F - Pensky-Martens closed cup

Flash Point(C)

< 10 °C - Pensky-Martens closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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