MilliporeSigma
All Photos(4)

402907

Sigma-Aldrich

Propionic acid

ACS reagent, ≥99.5%

Synonym(s):
Acid C3, Propanoic acid, Propanyl acid
Linear Formula:
CH3CH2COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
74.08
Beilstein:
506071
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
39021305
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

ACS reagent

Quality Level

vapor density

2.55 (vs air)

vapor pressure

2.4 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.5%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

955 °F

expl. lim.

12.1 %

analyte chemical class(es)

amino acids

impurities

≤0.002% Carbonyl compounds
≤0.10% Readily oxidizable substances (as HCOOH)
≤0.15% water

evapn. residue

≤0.01%

color

APHA: ≤20

refractive index

n20/D 1.386 (lit.)

bp

141 °C (lit.)

mp

−24-−23 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: soluble

density

0.993 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

cation traces

heavy metals (as Pb): ≤0.001%

SMILES string

CCC(O)=O

InChI

1S/C3H6O2/c1-2-3(4)5/h2H2,1H3,(H,4,5)

InChI key

XBDQKXXYIPTUBI-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

General description

Propionic acid (PA) also known as propanoic acid is a short chain fatty acid mainly used as food preservative. It is one of the main metabolic end product formed during the fermentation of undigested food in the colon by the microbiota. Its manufacture by glycerol/glucose co-fermentation using Propionibacterium acidipropionici has been reported. Crystal structure study reveals that PA crystals are monoclinic with space group P21/c.
Propionic acid (PA) is a naturally occurring carboxylic acid, which in its pure state exists as a colorless corrosive liquid with an unpleasant odor. It is miscible in water. Industrially it is produced by hydrocarboxylation of ethylene in presence nickel carbonyl as a catalyst. PA has been found to reduce food intake, lower the fatty acids content in plasma and liver, might improve tissue insulin sensitivity and exerts immunosuppressive actions. Propionic acid is an excellent raw material as it is stable, cheap and safe and can even be used as a food additive.

Application

Propionic acid may be used to alter limestone in order to increase its ability of CO2 uptake.

Packaging

100, 4×100, 500 mL in glass bottle

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Dam. 1 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Skin Corr. 1B - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

129.2 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

54 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service